Functions of the Nonverbal in CMC: Emoticons and Illocutionary Force

@article{Dresner2010FunctionsOT,
  title={Functions of the Nonverbal in CMC: Emoticons and Illocutionary Force},
  author={Eli Dresner and Susan C. Herring},
  journal={Communication Theory},
  year={2010},
  volume={20},
  pages={249-268}
}
The term 'emoticons'—short for 'emotion icons'—refers to graphic signs, such as the smiley face, that often accompany computer-mediated textual communication. They are most often characterized as iconic indicators of emotion, conveyed through a communication channel that is parallel to the linguistic one. In this article, it is argued that this conception of emoticons fails to account for some of their important uses. We present a brief outline of speech act theory and use it to provide a… 

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