Functions of Wild Gorilla 'Close' Calls. I. Repertoire, Context, and Interspecific Comparison

@article{Harcourt1993FunctionsOW,
  title={Functions of Wild Gorilla 'Close' Calls. I. Repertoire, Context, and Interspecific Comparison},
  author={Alexander H. Harcourt and Kelly J. Stewart and Marc D. Hauser},
  journal={Behaviour},
  year={1993},
  volume={124},
  pages={89-122}
}
Individuals in social groups of a number of species produce and exchange among themselves frequent, quiet vocalisations. The function of most such vocalisations, here termed 'close' calls, remains obscure, because of the lack of any obvious context of behaviour associated with their production. In this first of two papers that attempt to determine the function of these calls in wild girilla groups, we describe the call repertoire, the age-sex distribution of frequencies of call-types, the… 

Function and Meaning of Wild Gorilla 'Close' Calls

We investigate the social significance of the within group ('close') calls of gorillas by examining correlates of calling with dominance rank and with relatedness of adults, and by examining whether

Western Gorilla Vocal Repertoire and Contextual Use of Vocalizations

TLDR
This study suggests that although vocal production is highly constrained by morphology and phylogeny, differing social and ecological conditions can yield differences in the use and function of calls, even between two closely related species such as western and mountain gorillas.

The function of loud calls (Hoot Series) in wild western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla).

TLDR
Following hooting, the distance between separated group members decreased significantly; thus it is concluded that western gorillas use this call to reestablish group cohesion, demonstrating that the function and usage of particular calls can be flexible.

Social Basis of Vocal Interactions in Western Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla g. gorilla)

TLDR
The results show that some apes use rule-governed call exchanges and that these socially guided vocal interactions are more widespread than previously believed.

Individual Distinctiveness in Call Types of Wild Western Female Gorillas

TLDR
Discriminant function analyses confirmed that all call types were individually distinct, suggesting that neither the distance at which communication occurs nor the call social function alone can explain the evolution of identity signaling in western gorilla communication.

Production of Loud and Quiet Calls in Howler Monkeys

TLDR
It is shown how the anatomy of howler monkey’s vocal organs can explain the unusual features of their loud calls and possibly the variation found between species, while also pointing to the various gaps that exist in the authors' knowledge regarding the role of the several components of their highly specialized vocal apparatus.

Loud Calls in Great Apes: Sex Differences and Social Correlates

If one were to scan the literature on primate behavior accumulated during the last two decades, one single taxon, the great apes, would likely dominate. Switching the key word to “communication”

Food-Associated Calling in Gorillas (Gorilla g. gorilla) in the Wild

TLDR
The vocal behavior of two free-ranging groups of western lowland gorillas at Mondika, Republic of Congo is investigated and compared, providing new insight into the vocal abilities of gorillas and larger implications for questions concerning vocal variability among the great apes.

Evolution of Acoustic Communication Signals of Mammals: Friendly Close-Range Vocalizations in Felidae (Carnivora)

TLDR
The distribution of the three friendly close-range vocalization types known in the Felidae was plotted on a recently published phylogeny based on sequence comparisons of two mitochondrial DNA genes and other molecular and biochemical characters, and it was found to be congruent with this phylogeny.

Preliminary Vocal Repertoire and Vocal Communication of Wild Bonobos (Pan paniscus) at Lilungu (Democratic Republic of Congo)

TLDR
The aim of this study is to give a preliminary description of the vocal repertoire and a qualitative account of the contextual use of the voices described, which is compared to that of captive bonobos described by De Waal.
...

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