Functionalism, structuralism and ways of seeing

  title={Functionalism, structuralism and ways of seeing},
  author={Hughes Aj and D M Lambert},
We contend that much of neo-Darwinism represents a functionalist “way of seeing” that is devoid of rigorous definition. To view biology from such a perspective involves, firstly, an analysis of traits rather than whole systems and, secondly, a belief in the extraordinary creative power of natural selection. According to this viewpoint “traits” are “selected” to perform particular “functions”. Such a formulation—which inevitably institutionalizes a radical organism—environment dichotomy—is… CONTINUE READING