Functional morphology of the fin rays of teleost fishes

  title={Functional morphology of the fin rays of teleost fishes},
  author={Brooke E. Flammang and Silas Alben and Peter G. Madden and George V. Lauder},
  journal={Journal of Morphology},
Ray‐finned fishes are notable for having flexible fins that allow for the control of fluid forces. A number of studies have addressed the muscular control, kinematics, and hydrodynamics of flexible fins, but little work has investigated just how flexible ray‐finned fish fin rays are, and how flexibility affects their response to environmental perturbations. Analysis of pectoral fin rays of bluegill sunfish showed that the more proximal portion of the fin ray is unsegmented while the distal 60… 

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