Functional magnetic resonance imaging in studies of the neurobiology of suicidal behavior in adolescents with alcohol use disorders

@article{Sher2007FunctionalMR,
  title={Functional magnetic resonance imaging in studies of the neurobiology of suicidal behavior in adolescents with alcohol use disorders},
  author={Leo Sher},
  journal={International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health},
  year={2007},
  volume={19},
  pages={11 - 18}
}
  • L. Sher
  • Published 2007
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Functional MRI of the brain is a technique that localizes regions of activity in the brain following task activation. It is useful to neuroscientists interested in interrogating the localization of certain brain functions. Alcohol misuse is a complex, multidimensional disorder involving problematic ethanol ingestion and reflected in behavior. Genetic factors play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of alcohol abuse in adolescents. Alcohol use disorders tend to run in families with 40-60… 

The Neurobiopsychology of Suicidal Behaviors among Persons with Substance Dependence: The Role of Impulsivity

Suicidal behaviors pose a major health challenge to persons with substance dependence (PSD). This article explores impulsivity as a potential determinant of suicide risk among PSD. By examining the

Offenders with Schizophrenia: Relationship to Psychopathology

TLDR
Offenders against person had a significantly later age of treatment and probably onset of illness, and unsoundness of mind was significantly associated with positive symptoms and more frequently reported among offenders against person or property.

Epidemiology of Suicide and the Psychiatric Perspective

  • S. Bachmann
  • Psychology, Medicine
    International journal of environmental research and public health
  • 2018
TLDR
Suicidality represents a major societal and health care problem; it should be given a high priority in many realms and prevented by restricting access to means of suicide, by training primary care physicians and health workers to identify people at risk as well as to assess and manage respective crises.

College Students and Suicide Risk: Prevention and the Role of Academic Psychiatry

TLDR
This commentary will discuss college student suicide in terms of epidemiologic risk factors and the roles of academic psychiatry and psychiatric intervention in preventing suicide.

Depression in the Medically Ill: One Illness, Many Faces and Our Image!

“Could you please see this poorly controlled diabetic patient who is refusing to take his medications because he does not care and does not want to live anymore?” “Please come and see this post

Alcoholism and sexual dimorphism in the middle longitudinal fascicle: a pilot study

TLDR
Diffusion tensor imaging data indicated that the left MdLF diffusion measurements in AL men were negatively associated with Verbal IQ and verbal fluency test scores, indicating an overall white matter deficit in men.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES

Functional magnetic resonance imaging in studies of neurocognitive effects of alcohol use on adolescents and young adults

  • L. Sher
  • Medicine, Psychology
    International journal of adolescent medicine and health
  • 2006
TLDR
The results of the studies of cue reactivity and craving responses in young people suggest that the elevated physiological response and altered cognitive reactions to alcohol are involved in the pathogenesis of alcohol dependence in adolescents and young adults.

Neurocognitive functioning of adolescents: effects of protracted alcohol use.

TLDR
Deficits in retrieval of verbal and nonverbal information and in visuospatial functioning were evident in youths with histories of heavy drinking during early and middle adolescence.

Blood oxygen level dependent response and spatial working memory in adolescents with alcohol use disorders.

TLDR
Adolescents with AUD show abnormalities in brain response to a spatial working memory task, despite adequate performance, suggesting that subtle neuronal reorganization may occur early in the course of AUD.

A population-based twin study of alcoholism in women.

TLDR
The results support the hypothesis that genetic factors play a major role in the etiology of alcoholism in women and women should be well represented in the efforts currently under way to elucidate the molecular basis of the genetic susceptibility to alcoholism.

Parental substance use disorder and the risk of adolescent drug abuse: an event history analysis.

Depression and alcoholism.

  • L. Sher
  • Medicine
    QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians
  • 2004
TLDR
The National Comorbidity Survey (NCS), a nationally representative survey in the US, found that compared with non-depressed respondents in the NCS, the lifetime odds of alcohol dependence were significantly elevated for both men and women with major depression.

DRD2 genotypes and substance use in adolescent children of alcoholics.

Substance use and withdrawal: Neuropsychological functioning over 8 years in youth

TLDR
It is suggested that use and withdrawal may differentially impact neurocognitive functioning during youth, with heavy use leading to learning, retention, and attentional difficulties, and withdrawal leading to problems with visuospatial functioning.
...