Functional implications of supercontracting muscle in the chameleon tongue retractors.

@article{Herrel2001FunctionalIO,
  title={Functional implications of supercontracting muscle in the chameleon tongue retractors.},
  author={Anthony Herrel and J. Jay Meyers and Peter Aerts and Kiisa C. Nishikawa},
  journal={The Journal of experimental biology},
  year={2001},
  volume={204 Pt 21},
  pages={3621-7}
}
Chameleons capture prey items using a ballistic tongue projection mechanism that is unique among lizards. During prey capture, the tongue can be projected up to two full body lengths and may extend up to 600 % of its resting length. Being ambush predators, chameleons eat infrequently and take relatively large prey. The extreme tongue elongation (sixfold) and the need to be able to retract fairly heavy prey at any given distance from the mouth are likely to place constraints on the tongue… CONTINUE READING
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