Functional gap junctions are not required for muscle gene activation by induction in Xenopus embryos

Abstract

Muscle gene expression is known to be induced in animal pole cells of a Xenopus blastula after 2-3 h of close contact with vegetal pole cells. We tested whether this induction requires functional gap junctions between vegetal and animal portions of an animal-vegetal conjugate. Muscle gene transcription was assayed with a muscle-specific actin gene probe and… (More)

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