Functional electrical stimulation is more effective in severe symptomatic heart failure patients and improves their adherence to rehabilitation programs.

@article{Karavidas2010FunctionalES,
  title={Functional electrical stimulation is more effective in severe symptomatic heart failure patients and improves their adherence to rehabilitation programs.},
  author={Apostolos I Karavidas and J. Parissis and Vassiliki Matzaraki and Sophia M. Arapi and Christos Varounis and Ignatios Ikonomidis and Panagiotis Grillias and Ioannis A. Paraskevaidis and Vlassios Pirgakis and Gerasimos Filippatos and Dimitios T Kremastinos},
  journal={Journal of cardiac failure},
  year={2010},
  volume={16 3},
  pages={244-9}
}
BACKGROUND Functional electrical stimulation (FES) improves exercise capacity and quality of life in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. However, there is no evidence regarding the effectiveness of this treatment modality according to the severity of CHF. This study compares the effectiveness of FES on exercise capacity, endothelial function, neurohormonal status, and emotional stress in New York Heart Association (NYHA) III-IV versus NYHA II patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighteen NYHA II… CONTINUE READING