Functional electrical stimulation improves endothelial function and reduces peripheral immune responses in patients with chronic heart failure.

@article{Karavidas2006FunctionalES,
  title={Functional electrical stimulation improves endothelial function and reduces peripheral immune responses in patients with chronic heart failure.},
  author={Apostolos I Karavidas and Kostadinos G Raisakis and J. Parissis and Dorothea K Tsekoura and Stamatis Adamopoulos and Dimitrios A Korres and Dimitrios Farmakis and Achilleas Ap Zacharoulis and Ioannis N Fotiadis and Evaggelos Matsakas and Apostolos Ach Zacharoulis},
  journal={European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology},
  year={2006},
  volume={13 4},
  pages={592-7}
}
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown beneficial effects of functional electrical stimulation (FES) on muscle performance and exercise capacity of patients with chronic heart failure. This study evaluates the impact of FES on endothelial function and peripheral markers of immune activation in patients with moderate to severe heart failure. METHODS Twenty-four patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction of less than 40% and New York Heart Association class II-III symptoms, undergoing… CONTINUE READING

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Low-frequency electromyostimulation and chronic heart failure.

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