Functional differentiation of cholinergic and noradrenergic modulation in a biophysical model of olfactory bulb granule cells.

Olfactory bulb granule cells are modulated by both acetylcholine (ACh) and norepinephrine (NE), but the effects of these neuromodulators have not been clearly distinguished. We used detailed biophysical simulations of granule cells, both alone and embedded in a microcircuit with mitral cells, to measure and distinguish the effects of ACh and NE on cellular… CONTINUE READING