Functional coupling between the central-autonomic and the cognitive systems is enhanced in states after optic neuritis and early multiple sclerosis.


We studied the relation between central-autonomic adaptability (largest Lyapunov exponent of heart rate dynamics) and visual learning capability (total net score in Kimura's Recurring-Figures-Test) in 15 healthy subjects and 35 patients with cerebral white matter diseases (12 with optic neuritis and 23 with multiple sclerosis), aged between 18 and 39 years… (More)