Functional benefit of power training for older adults.

  title={Functional benefit of power training for older adults.},
  author={Tom J. Hazell and Kenji Alan Kenno and Jennifer M. Jakobi},
  journal={Journal of aging and physical activity},
  volume={15 3},
Aging leads to significant losses in muscle mass, strength, and the ability to independently perform activities of daily living (ADL). Typically, standard resistance training (RT) has been used to reduce these losses in function by maintaining or even increasing muscle strength in older adults. Increasing strength does not necessarily, however, result in an increase in the ability to perform ADL. There is now research suggesting that muscle power is more closely associated with the performance… 

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Power training for older adults.
  • M. Porter
  • Psychology
    Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquee, nutrition et metabolisme
  • 2006
Future well-designed studies on the risks and benefits of power training should provide more evidence on this promising form of resistance training for older adults of varying health and functional status.
Effect of intense strength training on standing balance, walking speed, and sit-to-stand performance in older adults.
It is suggested that strength training alone does not appear to enhance standing balance or sit-to-stand performance in active, community-dwelling older adults but that it may improve maximal walking speed.
Effect of strength and power training on physical function in community-dwelling older adults.
Power training was more effective than strength training for improving physical function in community-dwelling older adults.
Exercise strategies should be designed to increase muscle power.
  • W. Evans
  • Medicine
    The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
  • 2000
It is clear that the capacity of elderly people to increase muscle strength and size with progressive resistance exercise training is well preserved into late life, and exercise programs designed for elderly, fall-prone people can reduce the risk and incidence of falls.
Training for muscle power in older adults: effects on functional abilities.
In conclusion, simple progressive exercise training, even in the 10th decade, increases muscle power and is associated with an improved performance of functional activities using the trained muscles.
Power training improves balance in healthy older adults.
Power training improves balance, particularly using a low load, high velocity regimen, in older adults with initial lower muscle power and slower contraction, in a dose-dependent manner.
Improved Physical Performance in Older Adults Undertaking a Short-Term Programme of High-Velocity Resistance Training
Progressive resistance training that incorporates rapid rate-of-force development movements may be safely undertaken in healthy older adults and results in significant gains in muscle strength, muscle power, and physical performance.
Effects of Resistance Training on Older Adults
Strength and muscle mass are increased following resistance training in older adults through a poorly understood series of events that appears to involve the recruitment of satellite cells to support hypertrophy of mature myofibres.
Optimal load for increasing muscle power during explosive resistance training in older adults.
Using heavy loads during explosive resistance training may be the most effective strategy to achieve simultaneous improvements in muscle strength, power, and endurance in older adults.
Differential increases in average isokinetic power by specific muscle groups of older women due to variations in training and testing.
The results suggest that, in older women, lower leg training should occur at lower training speeds than upper leg training, and attention to differential speed-specific training of knee and ankle actions could improve power production, mobility, balance, and other functional measures in older persons.