Functional aspects of reconciliation among captive long‐tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis)

  title={Functional aspects of reconciliation among captive long‐tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis)},
  author={F. Aureli and C. V. van Schaik and J. V. van Hooff},
  journal={American Journal of Primatology},
After an agonistic conflict between two animals, they may exchange affiliative social contacts. The function of this reconciliation behavior is thought to be the repair of the social relationship between the two opponents. We examined the hypothesis that reconciliation is socially effective because it may also lead to a reduction of the victim's acute stress. Reconciliation was studied in a well‐established captive group of long‐tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). The behavior of the victim… Expand
The Long‐Term Effects of Reconciliation in Japanese Macaques Macaca fuscata
With one exception, all previous studies of reconciliation in non-human primates (friendly reunion between former opponents) have focused on demonstrating the immediate, short-term effects despiteExpand
The Function and Determinants of Reconciliation in Pan troglodytes
Reconciliation (the postconflict affiliative reunion between former opponents) may mitigate costs of aggressive conflict by repairing the opponents’ relationship and reducing stress. We showed thatExpand
Reconciling with valuable partners by long-tailed macaques
In primates and other social mammals, opponents in aggressive conflicts have been reported to seek one another out after fights for various types of friendly interaction. In long-tailed macaques,Expand
Reconciliation in Male Stump‐tailed Macaques (Macaca arctoides): Intolerant Males Care for Their Social Relationships
Recent research has shown that social relationships may exert positive effects on fitness. Therefore, it is expected that animals make efforts to develop and preserve close social bonds.Expand
Intragroup Variation in Conciliatory Tendencies in Captive Japanese Macaques
Nonhuman primates have been observed to exchange friendly gestures soon after an agonistic episode, a behaviour labelled reconciliation. Frequency of reconciliation has been shown to vary both withinExpand
Reconciliation in Captive Chimpanzees: A Reevaluation with Controlled Methods
Affiliative postconflict reunions—reconciliations—of former opponents were first demonstrated in the chimpanzees at the Arnhem Zoo. Since then methods have been considerably refined, andExpand
Aggression and Reconciliation in Cebus capucinus
White-faced capuchins reconciled mainly during the first minutes after the end of the conflict, and in kin and non-kin male/female dyads, selective attraction occurred, and aggressors were more likely to initiate affiliative contacts than aggressees. Expand
Reconciliation in the Spotted Hyena (Crocuta crocuta)
Theory predicts that it should often be in the best interests of gregarious animals to repair social bonds damaged by within-group conflict. Indeed, reconciliation in many primates takes the form ofExpand
Post-conflict reunions and reconciliation in long-tailed macaques
Abstract In gregarious species, friendly post-conflict reunions between former opponents have been interpreted as ‘reconciliatory’ interactions whose function is to repair social relationships thatExpand
Aggression and Reconciliation in Two Captive Groups of Lemur catta
It is suggested that in B, with the decrease of baseline affinitive interactions associated with the beginning of the targeting episode, the function of postconflict reunions probably stopped working and reconciliation should be monitored throughout the different seasonal phases. Expand


Reconciliation and Redirected Affection in Rhesus Monkeys
The question whether rhesus monkeys reconcile was empirically translated as: Do they seek non-agonistic contact with former adversaries? The study concerned a captive group of forty-one monkeys,Expand
Reconciliation following aggression in patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas
Abstract Following intra-group aggression, obvious conciliatory displays are absent from the behavioural repertoire of patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas, while many other Old World primate speciesExpand
The Integration of Dominance and Social Bonding in Primates
  • F. Waal
  • Biology
  • The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1986
Observations demonstrate that relationships among adult male chimpanzees cannot be described in terms of a dichotomy between affiliative and antagonistic tendencies, and that male bonding in this species has not been achieved by an elimination of aggression, but by a set of powerful buffering mechanisms that mitigate its effects. Expand
Resolution of aggressive conflicts by immature long-tailed macaques Macaca fascicularis
Abstract The behaviour following aggressive interactions differed from the behaviour following friendly or neutral control interactions among unrelated immature male Macaca fascicularis. FormerExpand
Conflict Resolution in Monkeys and Apes
Social groups of free-living animals are often compact in spite of a fair amount of internal strife. There appears to exist social homeostasis, that is, a dynamic equilibrium between cohesive andExpand
On the physiology of grooming in a pigtail macaque
Heart rate of a single adult female pigtail macaque living in a social group was monitored in several behavioral contexts to examine the relationship between grooming and HR level, an indicator of autonomic nervous system activity. Expand
A model for the evolution of despotic versus egalitarian societies
An optimization model provides insights into the interactions between a basic behavioural process, i.e. dominance, and ecological contexts in determining aspects of population structure such as group size, dispersal pattern, group composition, and fitness bias within groups. Expand
Allogrooming as a tension‐reduction mechanism: A behavioral approach
Results of the present study concur with physiological findings that support the tension‐reduction hypothesis and the social function of allogrooming appears quite important and is entirely compatible with the functional hypothesis that emphasizes hygiene. Expand
Patterns of agonistic interactions in three species of macaque (Macaca mulatta, M. fascicularis, M. tonkeana)
Patterns of aggression and response to aggression were studied in three groups ofmacaques living in semiliberty, each group representing a different species: Macacamulatta, M fascicularis, and MExpand
Responses of rhesus monkeys to mildly stressful situations
Summary Rhesus monkeys were confronted with a series of situations intended to provide a controlled version of mildly stressful occurrences in everyday life. Detailed records of their behaviour inExpand