Functional and comparative study of lingual papillae in four species of bear (Ursidae) by scanning electron microscopy.

@article{Pastor2011FunctionalAC,
  title={Functional and comparative study of lingual papillae in four species of bear (Ursidae) by scanning electron microscopy.},
  author={Juan Francisco Pastor and Mercedes Barbosa and F{\'e}lix Jes{\'u}s de Paz and Manuel Soriano Garc{\'i}a and Enza Ferrero},
  journal={Microscopy research and technique},
  year={2011},
  volume={74 10},
  pages={910-9}
}
The eight current species of bear (Ursidae) are widely distributed throughout Europe, Asia, and America. They are mainly encountered in the northern hemisphere, except for the spectacled bear and the sun bear, which are also found in the south of the equator. Adaptations of the masticatory apparatus (teeth, tongue, and musculature) to diet are one of the factors that imply the greatest structural changes in the cranium. This diet may be carnivorous, herbivorous, melliferous, or insectivorous… CONTINUE READING