Functional Finishes for Wool-Eco Considerations

  title={Functional Finishes for Wool-Eco Considerations},
  author={Peter E. Ingham and Steven J. McNeil and Matthew Richard Sunderland},
  journal={Advanced Materials Research},
  pages={33 - 43}
Although wool is a natural renewable fibre with a relatively low environmental impact for its production, a number of functional finishes are commonly applied to improve wool’s performance in knitted or woven garments or carpet. These finishes include those to improve fabric shrink-, flame- and insect -resistance, photo-stability and a number of treatments to improve wool carpet performance. The paper describes currently used treatments, their environmental problems and considers new, more… Expand
The Properties of Wool Fibre, Yarn, Knitted Fabric, and Leather Obtained from Enzyme Depilation of Ovine Skins
The goal of reducing wool processing effluent is important due to increasing environmental restrictions on chemicals with potential to pollute the environment. Two enzyme-based depilation formulaeExpand
Wool: Structure, Properties, and Processing
Wool, the fibrous coating from sheep, is the most important animal fiber used by the textile industry. It has been used continuously for several thousand years, the earliest type of fabric made fromExpand
Multi-Performance Enhancement of Knitted Wool Fabric with Citric Acid: An Eco-Compatible Cross-Linker
ABSTRACT Herein, we report an investigation on an eco-compatible cross-linker, citric acid, to enhance multi-performance characteristics of knitted wool fabric. Citric acid reduced relaxationExpand
Protecting wool carpets from beetle and moth larvae with nanocidal titanium dioxide desiccant
Nanopesticides are an emerging type of engineered nanomaterial that has been shown to enhance several physical, photo-physical and antimicrobial properties of wool textiles. Nanoparticles have anExpand
The utilisation of wool as a catalyst and as a support for catalysts
Abstract Textiles are an emerging class of support material for catalysts, and are available in many different structures at a modest cost from a well-established industry. This review discusses 87Expand
A comprehensive review on moth repellent finishing of woolen textiles
Various insects attacking wool, their management, natural and synthetic antimoth agents along with antifeedants, their mode of action, and standard testing methods are reviewed. Expand
Wool as a high-performance fiber
Abstract The structure and properties of wool fiber are discussed in some detail. This is followed by a section on fiber modification, particularly with regard to ways of improving wool's properties,Expand
The nanocidal and antifeedant activities of titanium dioxide desiccant toward wool-digesting Tineola bisselliella moth larvae
The nanocidal and antifeedant activities of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2) against the widespread pest of wool carpets, apparel, building insulation, and other wool textiles, TineolaExpand
Increased bending rigidity of wool fabric imparted by hybrid organic-inorganic sol–gel coatings
Hybrid organic–inorganic coatings prepared by the sol–gel method can impart desirable properties to textiles, but may adversely affect properties such as bending rigidity. This study investigated theExpand
Natural or synthetic - how global trends in textile usage threaten freshwater environments.
This work examines two predominant 'natural' and synthetic textiles (wool and Polyethylene terephthalate (PET), respectively), and finds that risks to freshwater ecosystems vary throughout the lifecycle of these textiles; and across geographies, in-line with regulatory and economic landscapes. Expand


Closed-loop wool carpet recycling
Disposal of post-consumer carpets produces large volumes of waste for landfills where they do not readily degrade. Incineration is only possible in countries with the necessary infrastructure andExpand
Continuous Shrink-Resist Treatment of Wool Fabric with Ozone
Continuous, rapid pruduction of highly shrink-resistant wool fabric is obtained by passing ozone in a carrier gas over one surface of hot, wet fabric moving in the opposite direction. Exhaustion ofExpand
Durable Flame-Retardant Treatments for Blends of Cotton, Wool, and Polyester
Durable flame-retardant treatments based on a vinyl phosphonate oligomer or Thps were applied to cotton, cotton/polyester, cotton/wool, and cotton/polyester/wool medium-weight twill fabrics. TheExpand
Improving the whiteness and photostability of wool
Abstract: The colour and photostability of fibres are important qualities, particularly for the production of brilliant white and bright pastel shade products that are essential for new and rapidlyExpand
Covalent bonding of protease to different sized enteric polymers and their potential use in wool processing
A range of enteric polymeric molecules of different molecular masses and chemical structures were coupled to the protease Esperase (EC using carbodiimide. The activities of the range ofExpand
Comparison of the Energy, Time and Water Usage Required for Maintaining Carpets and Hard Floors
The energy, time and water usage required for cleaning carpets and hard floors (solid vinyls, wood and wood laminates) in commercial buildings are compared. The electrical energy requirements forExpand
Life-cycle assessment of four types of floor covering
Abstract Four types of floor covering have been investigated with respect to their environmental impact: linoleum, cushion vinyl, tufted carpet with a woollen pile and tufted carpet with a polyamideExpand
The formation of cysteine‐S‐sulphonate groups in wool and the effect on shrink‐resistance
The different stages of wool oxidation during the Dylan XCP permonosulphuric acid based shrinkproofing process have been followed using second-order derivative Fourier transform infrared analysis.Expand
Controlling Shrinkage in Wool Fabrics: Effective Hydrogen Peroxide Systems
Alkaline hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) systems, including dicyandiamide, gluconic acid, and Triton X surfactant, used alone or followed by enzyme treatments, are investigated for their effectiveness inExpand
Adsorbable organic halogens in textile effluents
In recent years legislation on environmental pollution has become more and more stringent. The parameter AOX (adsorbable organic halogen) was developed for the detection of organohalogens in drinkingExpand