Functional Equivalency between Rice Fields and Seminatural Wetland Habitats

  title={Functional Equivalency between Rice Fields and Seminatural Wetland Habitats},
  author={Chris S. Elphick},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
  • C. Elphick
  • Published 1 February 2000
  • Geography
  • Conservation Biology
Abstract: Evaluating the potential for anthropogenic habitats to act as surrogates for the natural habitats they replace is a key issue in conservation biology. In California, flooded rice fields are used by numerous aquatic birds during winter. If this habitat functions similarly to more natural wetlands, increased flooding may help replace the extensive wetlands that occurred in the region prior to agricultural development. I tested whether food abundance, perceived predation threat, foraging… 
Does Non-Intentional Flooding of Rice Fields After Cultivation Contribute to Waterbird Conservation in Southern Brazil?
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Evaluating and implementing management practices that are ecologically sustainable, increase food for birds and are agronomically beneficial should be global priorities to integrate rice production and avian conservation.
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1.  Recent legislation designed to reduce air pollution has restricted Californian rice-farmers from burning rice stubble after harvest. Intentional flooding of fields during winter to speed straw
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  • S. Fretwell
  • Environmental Science
    Monographs in population biology
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The patterns observed indicate that heron species, although partially selective for prey size, tend opportunistically to use similar habitats and prey types, presumably the most profitable and locally abundant.
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