Functional Communication Training for the Treatment of Multiply Determined Challenging Behavior in Two Boys with Autism

  title={Functional Communication Training for the Treatment of Multiply Determined Challenging Behavior in Two Boys with Autism},
  author={Jeff Sigafoos and Beth Meikle},
  journal={Behavior Modification},
  pages={60 - 84}
Functional communication training was used to replace multiply determined problem behavior in two boys with autism. Experiment 1 involved a functional analysis of several topographies of problem behavior using a variation of the procedures described by lwata, Dorsey, Slifer, Bauman, and Richman. Results suggested that aggression, self-injury, and disruption were multiply determined (i.e., maintained by both attention and access to preferred objects). Experiment 2 involved a multiple-baseline… 
Functional communication training to replace challenging behaviors across two behavioral outcomes
The purpose of the present study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of an intervention that included extinction and functional communication training for the reduction of multiply controlled,
A Demonstration of the Effects of Augmentative Communication on the Extreme Aggressive Behavior of a Child With Autism Within an Integrated Preschool Setting
Research in the area of behavior support has repeatedly demonstrated the positive effects of learning more effective and efficient communication on the challenging behaviors of individuals with
A Meta-analytic Review of Functional Communication Training Across Mode of Communication, Age, and Disability
Deficits in communication in people with disabilities are a major cause of challenging behaviors. Functional communication training (FCT) is one treatment developed to address both challenging
Functional Analysis and Functional Communication Training in the Classroom for Three Children with Angelman Syndrome
Effectiveness of functional analysis (FA) and functional communication training (FCT) on challenging behavior was assessed in three children with Angelman syndrome (AS). Analogue FA conditions were
Using a Behavioral Approach to Decrease Self-Injurious Behavior in an Adolescent With Severe Autism: A Data-Based Case Study
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at higher risk for developing self-injurious behaviors (SIB) and other challenging behaviors than typically developing individuals. SIBs often
Using Functional Communication Training to Reduce Self-Injurious Behavior for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
The results indicated significant reduction in SIB for all three participants and maintained for over two weeks following the withdrawal of the intervention, however, resurgence of SIB occurred when extinction was implemented for all participants.
Brief assessment and treatment of multiple challenging behaviors
We conducted a brief assessment of multiple challenging behaviors in a 19-year-old man with developmental disabilities. The results of the brief assessment suggested that spitting and aggression were
Behavioral Interventions for Aggressive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorders
People diagnosed with autism present with varying degrees of difficulties that include both verbal and nonverbal communication, socialization, restricted interests, and repetitive behaviors. Autism
A discrete-trial approach to the functional analysis of aggressive behaviour in two boys with autism
Intervention to reduce challenging behaviour may be enhanced when based on a prior functional analysis. The present study describes a discrete-trial approach for the functional analysis of aggressive
Evaluation of the Empirical Support of Functional Communication Training for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Functional communication training (FCT) typically consists of determining the function(s) of challenging behaviors and teaching the child an appropriate communicative behavior that serves the same


Reducing behavior problems through functional communication training.
An assessment method for identifying situations in which behavior problems, including aggression, tantrums, and self-injury, were most likely to occur was developed and results demonstrated that both low level of adult attention and high level of task difficulty were discriminative for misbehavior.
A component analysis of functional communication training across three topographies of severe behavior problems.
Both sets of treatment components were necessary for maximal control over aberrant behavior in severely handicapped persons, according to the efficiency, history, and control over reinforcement.
Multiple functions of problem behaviors: assessment and intervention.
The results document three examples of problem behaviors under multiple control, and emphasize the need to organize interventions that address different contingencies of reinforcement that maintain the same problem behavior.
An analysis of maintenance following functional communication training.
The multiple and long-term effects of functional communication training relative to a common reductive procedure (time-out from positive reinforcement) were evaluated and the value of teaching communicative responses to promote maintenance is discussed.
Acquisition of Manual Sign Use: Collateral Reduction of Maladaptive Behavior, and Factors Limiting Generalization.
An 11-year-old, nonverbal boy diagnosed as "autistic" was trained to communicate wants and needs with manual signs. The signs were trained first in a corner of the classroom, and when generalization
Using functional equivalence training to reduce severe challenging behavior: A case study
A case study is described in which functional equivalence was used to reduce severe tantrums and property destruction by an 8-year-old boy with autism. Although data were collected on the frequency
Functional communication training to reduce challenging behavior: maintenance and application in new settings.
It is indicated that not only did the intervention substantially reduce challenging behavior but also that these results transferred across new tasks, environments, and teachers, and were generally maintained from 18 to 24 months following the introduction of functional communication training.
Functional communication training using assistive devices: Effects on challenging behavior and affect.
Functional communication training involves teaching students who display severe challenging behavior to appropriately request the stimuli previously obtained by their behavior problems. In the
The concept of automatic reinforcement: implications for behavioral research in developmental disabilities.
  • T. Vollmer
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Research in developmental disabilities
  • 1994
The problems inherent in the analysis of automatically reinforced behavior are discussed and four classes of treatment that are compatible with that behavioral function are reviewed, including manipulations of establishing operations, sensory extinction, differential reinforcement, and punishment.
Functional communication training with and without extinction and punishment.
It was shown that for some patients, functional communication training was not sufficient to produce clinically significant reductions in destructive behavior, and the combination of training plus punishment produced the largest and most consistent reductions.