Function of the nasal muscles in normal subjects assessed by dynamic MRI and EMG: its relevance to rhinoplasty surgery.

@article{Clark1998FunctionOT,
  title={Function of the nasal muscles in normal subjects assessed by dynamic MRI and EMG: its relevance to rhinoplasty surgery.},
  author={Michael P. Clark and Bruce M. Greenfield and Nigel P Hunt and Margaret Hall-Craggs and D. Angus Mcgrouther},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={1998},
  volume={101 7},
  pages={
          1945-55
        }
}
The external nose is generally considered to have a relatively static shape. Movement of the nose and the potential for change of external shape and the internal airway have been assessed by (1) cadaver dissection and (2) dynamic studies during a standardized series of facial expressions in 13 subjects; video recording of the movement of skin markers, electromyography, and moving magnetic resonance images. A standard description of muscle anatomy is presented. The dynamic investigations… CONTINUE READING
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