Fumarole-supported islands of biodiversity within a hyperarid, high-elevation landscape on Socompa Volcano, Puna de Atacama, Andes.

@article{Costello2009FumarolesupportedIO,
  title={Fumarole-supported islands of biodiversity within a hyperarid, high-elevation landscape on Socompa Volcano, Puna de Atacama, Andes.},
  author={Elizabeth K. Costello and Stephan R. P. Halloy and Sasha C. Reed and Preston Sowell and Steven W. Schmidt},
  journal={Applied and environmental microbiology},
  year={2009},
  volume={75 3},
  pages={735-47}
}
Fumarolic activity supports the growth of mat-like photoautotrophic communities near the summit (at 6,051 m) of Socompa Volcano in the arid core of the Andes mountains. These communities are isolated within a barren, high-elevation landscape where sparse vascular plants extend to only 4,600 m. Here, we combine biogeochemical and molecular-phylogenetic approaches to characterize the bacterial and eucaryotic assemblages associated with fumarolic and nonfumarolic grounds on Socompa. Small-subunit… CONTINUE READING

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