Fulminant inflammatory leukoencephalopathy associated with HAART-induced immune restoration in AIDS-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

@article{Vendrely2005FulminantIL,
  title={Fulminant inflammatory leukoencephalopathy associated with HAART-induced immune restoration in AIDS-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy},
  author={Aur{\'e}lie Vendrely and B. Bienvenu and Jacques Gasnault and J.-B. Thiebault and D Salmon and Françoise Gray},
  journal={Acta Neuropathologica},
  year={2005},
  volume={109},
  pages={449-455}
}
HAART-induced immune restoration is beneficial for patients with AIDS-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). However, in rare instances, an immune-reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) may cause paradoxical clinical deterioration. We report the neuropathological study of an AIDS patient who presented with progressive cognitive deterioration; CD4+ count was 117 and the HIV viral load >104; imaging showed non-enhancing lesions consistent with PML. Following initiation of… 

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