Fullerenes C60 and C70 in flames

@article{Howard1991FullerenesCA,
  title={Fullerenes C60 and C70 in flames},
  author={Jack B. Howard and J. Thomas Mckinnon and Yakov Makarovsky and Arthur L. Lafleur and M. E. Johnson},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1991},
  volume={352},
  pages={139-141}
}
THE fullerenes C60 and C70 were first identified1 in carbon vapour produced by laser irradiation of graphite, and have recently been produced in macroscopic quantities2–5 by vaporization of graphite with resistive heating. It has also been suggested6–9 that fullerenes might be formed in sooting flames, and indeed all-carbon ions with mass/charge ratios suggestive of fullerenes have been detected in flames10–12. These species were assumed to have the cage structures of fullerenes, but the mass… Expand
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Abstract The early suggestion in fullerenes research that fullerenes might be produced in flames was soon supported by the observation of polyhedral carbon ions in flames and in 1991 was confirmed byExpand
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The use of hydrocarbons for fullerenes synthesis has been described in the literature. In this study, the formation of fullerenes C60, C60O, C70, and C70O is investigated in premixed benzene-oxygenExpand
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The impact of Cl-2 addition on the fullerene formation in acetylene/oxygen/argon flat flames burning at low pressure was investigated. The quantities of C-60 and C-70 in the soot were determined byExpand
Fullerenes and PAH in low-pressure premixed benzene/oxygen flames
The formation of fullerenes is though to be a molecular weight growth process similar to the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and soot in flames, although little is known about theExpand
C60 and C70 fullerene isomers generated in flames. Detection and verification by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry analyses.
TLDR
Analysis of additional compounds produced by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled on-line with mass spectrometry has identified them as isomers of the C60 and C70 fullerenes, which have characteristic UV spectra and are thermally unstable. Expand
Combustion synthesis of fullerenes and fullerenic nanostructures
Abstract Samples of condensable material collected from low-pressure premixed and diffusion benzene/oxygen/argon flames were analyzed chemically to determine fullerene yield and by high-resolutionExpand
Fullerenic carbon in combustion-generated soot
Soot samples collected as bulk solids and by thermophoretic sampling at different residence times in a fullerene-forming premixed benzene/oxygen flat flame (C/O=0.96, P=5.34 kPa, 10% argon, v=25Expand
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