Full sternotomy through a minimally invasive incision: a cardiac surgeon's true comfort zone.

  • Chana Akins
  • Published 1998 in The Annals of thoracic surgery


Increasing attention is being paid by cardiac surgeons to performing cardiac surgical procedures through less invasive approaches, including the use of limited incisions. A limited incisional approach is described that achieves full sternotomy, allows the use of standard operative instruments and techniques, permits rapid, easy conversion to normal… (More)