Full Count

@article{Long2005FullC,
  title={Full Count},
  author={Judith Grant Long},
  journal={Journal of Sports Economics},
  year={2005},
  volume={6},
  pages={119 - 143}
}
Governments pay far more to participate in the development of major league sports facilities than is commonly understood due to the routine omission of public subsidies for land and infrastructure, and the ongoing costs of operations, capital improvements, municipal services, and foregone property taxes. Adjusting for these omissions increases the average public subsidy by $50 million per facility to a total of $177 million, representing a 40% increase over the industry-reported average of $126… 
Costs: : the rest of the economic impact story
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Significant empirical research has highlighted the existence of pork barrel politics. This is where public expenditure is targeted at particular regions based on the logic of collective action:
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Professional sports teams receive large public subsidies for new facility construction. Empirical research suggests that these subsidies cannot be justified by tangible or intangible economic
Public Subsidies and the Location and Pricing of Sports
Using public choice analysis, we determine how government subsidies affect location and pricing decisions of sports teams. We explain how voter referendums can create suboptimal outcomes for local
The Impact of a Professional Sports Franchise on County Employment and Wages
Stadium boosters have long used the promise of economic development as a means to gain public support for financing local sports teams. Past research has shown little or no impact on employment or
Bundling the procurement of sports infrastructure projects: How neither public nor private actors really benefit
Public-private partnerships for infrastructure development are often conceived as puzzling governance tools. A peculiar case in Belgium has been the procurement of multiple similar projects to single
Newspaper Framing and Stadium Subsidization
Public subsidies continue to be used to support the construction of stadium facilities for major league sports teams in North America. Within this context, the local newspaper, as a beneficiary of
Working Paper No . 2013-04 Sports Facilities , Agglomeration , and Urban Redevelopment
We develop a monopolistic competition model of urban service consumption and production that includes spatial structure and property values. The model shows that the introduction of a new
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