Fukushima and the inevitability of accidents

  title={Fukushima and the inevitability of accidents},
  author={Charles Perrow},
  journal={Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists},
  pages={44 - 52}
  • C. Perrow
  • Published 2011
  • Sociology
  • Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
Governments regulate risky industrial systems such as nuclear power plants in hopes of making them less risky, and a variety of formal and informal warning systems can help society avoid catastrophe. Governments, businesses, and citizens respond when disaster occurs. But recent history is rife with major disasters accompanied by failed regulation, ignored warnings, inept disaster response, and commonplace human error. Furthermore, despite the best attempts to forestall them, “normal” accidents… Expand
Mismanaging risk and the Fukushima nuclear crisis
The nuclear accident at Fukushima was precipitated by natural disaster, but poor risk management, including a failure to comprehend tectonic risk in the most earthquake prone country in the world,Expand
Managing the Fukushima Challenge
  • A. Suzuki
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
  • 2014
The emerging need for Japan to transform its national safety management institutions so that these might be based on interactive communication with parties inside and outside Japan is described. Expand
Disowning Fukushima: Managing the credibility of nuclear reliability assessment in the wake of disaster
This paper reflects on the credibility of nuclear risk assessment in the wake of the 2011 Fukushima meltdowns. In democratic states, policymaking around nuclear energy has long been premised on anExpand
Accident like the Fukushima unlikely in a country with effective nuclear regulation: Literature review and proposed guidelines
The reports from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Japanese Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency (NISA) have confirmed that the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (NPP)Expand
Warning the world of extreme events: A global perspective on risk communication for natural and technological disaster
Due to a variety of factors such as population growth, globalization, and environmental change, mankind is increasingly susceptible to both natural and technological disasters. To prevent theExpand
Technological Lessons from the Fukushima Dai-Ichi Accident
Abstract : In March 2011, northern Japan was subjected to a devastating earthquake and tsunami. One of the many secondary effects of these disasters was a loss of control of the Fukushima Dai-IchiExpand
Managerial and non-technical factors in the development of human-created disasters: a review and research agenda
A number of common underlying factors in the development of human-created disasters, as cited in numerous official inquiry reports, encompass in particular, safety management system defects andExpand
On the Root Causes of the Fukushima Daiichi Disaster from the Perspective of High Complexity and Tight Coupling in Large-Scale Systems
How such disasters in large-scale systems with high complexity and tight coupling could be prevented through an organizational and managerial approach that can remove asymmetry of authority and information and foster a climate of openly discussing critical safety issues in nuclear power plants is discussed. Expand
Complexity and ethical crisis management: A systemic analysis of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the Fukushima nuclear disaster (FND) that occurred 11 March 2011 through the lens of the systemic and complexity theory. This analysis allows theExpand
ABSTRACT Prime Minister Abe Shinzð's nuclear renaissance involves downplaying risks, restarting reactors, building new ones, and exporting reactor technology and equipment. Polls in Japan indicateExpand


The Next Catastrophe: Reducing Our Vulnerabilities to Natural, Industrial, and Terrorist Disasters
Preface to the Paperback Edition vii Acknowledgments xlix Part One: Introduction and Natural Disasters li Chapter 1 Shrink the Targets 1 Chapter 2 "Natural" Disasters? 14 Part Two: Can GovernmentExpand
A (2011) Too Big to Fail. New York: Penguin. Author biography Charles Perrow is an emeritus professor of sociology at Yale University and visiting
  • 2011
NRC cracks down: Industry strikes
  • 2003
NRC cracks down: Industry strikes back. Cleveland Plain Dealer