Fuel not food—towards sustainable utilization of gutter oil

@article{Karmee2017FuelNF,
  title={Fuel not food—towards sustainable utilization of gutter oil},
  author={S. Karmee},
  journal={Biofuels},
  year={2017},
  volume={8},
  pages={339 - 346}
}
ABSTRACT Waste cooking oil is discarded into sewage and waste bins in various developing countries. In China, the discarded oil is scooped illegally from drains by smugglers. After collection, the obtained waste oil is reprocessed; the resulting substance is popularly called gutter oil. Gutter oil and its mixture with fresh vegetable oils are sold in food markets at lower prices. This created panic among the general public because of food safety concerns. 1H NMR (proton nuclear magnetic… Expand
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A spent coffee grounds based biorefinery for the production of biofuels, biopolymers, antioxidants and biocomposites.
  • S. Karmee
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
  • Waste management
  • 2018
Biofuel production from spent coffee grounds via lipase catalysis
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