Fuel Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass

  title={Fuel Ethanol from Cellulosic Biomass},
  author={L. Lynd and J. Cushman and R. Nichols and C. Wyman},
  pages={1318 - 1323}
Ethanol produced from cellulosic biomass is examined as a large-scale transportation fuel. Desirable features include ethanol's fuel properties as well as benefits with respect to urban air quality, global climate change, balance of trade, and energy security. Energy balance, feedstock supply, and environmental impact considerations are not seen as significant barriers to the widespread use of fuel ethanol derived from cellulosic biomass. Conversion economics is the key obstacle to be overcome… Expand
Alternative transportation fuels from biomass
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Overview and evaluation of fuel ethanol from cellulosic biomass
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An Economic Assessment of Traditional and Cellulosic Ethanol Technologies
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Synergies between bio- and oil refineries for the production of fuels from biomass.
The chemistry, catalysts, and challenges involved in the production of biofuels are discussed, allowing us to rapidly transition to a more sustainable economy without large capital investments for new reaction equipment. Expand
Production of Alternative Fuels: Modeling of Cellulosic Biomass Conversion to Ethanol
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Bioethanol production: Status and prospects
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Techno-economic analysis of ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass–a comparison of fermentation, thermo catalytic, and chemocatalytic technologies
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Processing and economic impacts of biomass delignification for ethanol production
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Large-scale fuel ethanol from lignocellulose
Ethanol produced from lignocellulose is considered as a largescale transportation fuel in the United States. Five key issues are identified and considered in relation to the status of current andExpand
Production of Feedstock Chemicals
Renewable raw materials may be converted by biological means to feedstocks for the chemical industry, although advances may enable the use of less expensive lignocellulosic materals. Expand
Utilization of biomass in the U.S. for the production of ethanol fuel as a gasoline replacement—II Energy requirements, with emphasis on lignocellulosic conversion
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Enzymes are biological catalysts that generally are designed to do one job well, but to do one job only. Therefore, the enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of cellulose to sugar do not break downExpand
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We review research and evaluate the economics of short-rotation intensive culture (SRIC) for the production of wood energy feedstocks in six regions of the U.S. The economics of SRIC are evaluatedExpand
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Results indicate that fermentation parameters, with the exception of free cellulase activity, are essentially the same for pretreated mixed hardwood and Avicel under a variety of conditions. Expand
Gasohol: Does It or Doesn't It Produce Positive Net Energy?
A detailed analysis of energy inputs and outputs is performed on grain-based gasohol, finding that it is an unambiguous energy producer since most energy inputs to the process can be supplied by nonpetroleum sources such as coal. Expand