Fruit harvesting time and corresponding morphological changes of seed integuments influence in vitro seed germination of Dendrobium nobile Lindl.

Abstract

In vitro asymbiotic seed germination of Dendrobium nobile varied significantly with fruit harvesting time and growth medium used for culturing seeds. Seeds harvested 129 days after pollination (DAP) possessing globular shaped embryos and a discontinuous cuticle layer showed a substantially greater germination on P668 medium. Alternatively, immature seeds harvested 96 and 116 DAP displayed a significantly lower germination response on various growth media. Most of the ovules at 96 DAP are in archesporial and megaspore mother cell stages, whereas the majority of ovules are mature and fertilized at 116 DAP. Mature seeds harvested 158 DAP also germinated at a higher frequency at Stage 5 (emergence of the first leaf) after 8 weeks of culture on different growth media indicating the absence of testa imposed dormancy in this endangered epiphytic orchid.

DOI: 10.1007/s10725-009-9437-1

8 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Vasudevan2009FruitHT, title={Fruit harvesting time and corresponding morphological changes of seed integuments influence in vitro seed germination of Dendrobium nobile Lindl.}, author={Rajeswari Vasudevan and Johannes van Staden}, journal={Plant Growth Regulation}, year={2009}, volume={60}, pages={237-246} }