Fruit consumption and adiposity status in adults: A systematic review of current evidence

  title={Fruit consumption and adiposity status in adults: A systematic review of current evidence},
  author={Lana Hebden and Fiona O'Leary and Anna M Rangan and Ervinda Singgih Lie and Vasant Hirani and Margaret A. Allman-Farinelli},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition},
  pages={2526 - 2540}
ABSTRACT The aim of this review was to update current understanding of the potential association between fruit consumption and adiposity status in adult populations. Electronic databases were searched from January 1, 1997 to the search date of August 15, 2014, retrieving 4382 abstracts that were reviewed for eligibility: randomized controlled trial (RCT) or prospective cohort (PC), published in English, assessing the effect of whole fruit or fruit juice consumption on adiposity in healthy adult… 

Impact of Whole, Fresh Fruit Consumption on Energy Intake and Adiposity: A Systematic Review

Whole, fresh fruit probably does not contribute to obesity and may have a place in the prevention and management of excess adiposity, and long-term observational studies suggest that habitually higher fruit intake is not associated with weight change, or is associated with modest protection against weight gain, over five or more years.

Fruit Juice and Change in BMI: A Meta-analysis

Consumption of 100% fruit juice is associated with a small amount of weight gain in children ages 1 to 6 years that is not clinically significant, and is not associated with weight gain with children ages 7 to 18 years.

The Relationship between Vegetable Intake and Weight Outcomes: A Systematic Review of Cohort Studies

The relationship between vegetable consumption and measures of adiposity was assessed in cohort studies. Seven databases were searched from inception until October 2018. The quality of individual

Frequency of Consumption of Whole Fruit, Not Fruit Juice, Is Associated with Reduced Prevalence of Obesity in Korean Adults.

Vegetable and Fruit Consumption and Prognosis Among Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies

A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies reporting on the associations between vegetable and fruit intake with cancer recurrence and mortality and all-cause mortality in cancer patients found that a high vegetable intake before diagnosis was inversely associated with overall mortality in survivors of head and neck cancer.

Individual SFA intake and risk of overweight/obesity: findings from a population-based nationwide cohort study

Overall, the intake of subtypes of MCSFA but not TSFA was associated with the risk of overweight/obesity, and increasing hexanoic acid and limiting decanoic Acid consumption may be protective for overweight/Obesity among Chinese population.

Role of fruit juice in achieving the 5-a-day recommendation for fruit and vegetable intake

Actively encouraging the daily consumption of fruit juice in public health policy could help populations achieve the 5-a-day recommendation for fruit and vegetable intake.

Review of 100% Fruit Juice and Chronic Health Conditions: Implications for Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Policy.

Aside from increased risk of tooth decay in children and small amounts of weight gain in young children and adults, there is no conclusive evidence that consumption of 100% fruit juice has adverse health effects.

Pure fruit juice and fruit consumption and the risk of CVD: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition–Netherlands (EPIC-NL) study

Although favourable associations of moderate pure fruit juice consumption with CVD are observed, for now consumption of whole fruit should be preferred because the evidence of the health benefits of fruit is more conclusive.



Relationship of fruit and vegetable intake with adiposity: a systematic review

An inverse relationship between FV intake and adiposity among overweight adults appears weak; this relationship among children is unclear; research needs to clarify the nature of, and mechanisms for, the effects of FV consumption on adiposity.

The potential association between fruit intake and body weight – a review

  • S. AliniaO. HelsI. Tetens
  • Medicine
    Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • 2009
The majority of the evidence points towards a possible inverse association between fruit intake and overweight and future intervention and prospective observational studies examining the direct and independent role of fruit in body‐weight management in free‐living individuals are needed.

Fruit and vegetable intakes and subsequent changes in body weight in European populations: results from the project on Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DiOGenes).

Fruit and vegetable intake relates significantly, albeit weakly inversely, to weight change, and for persons who stop smoking, high fruit and vegetable intakes may be recommended to reduce the risk of weight gain.

Dietary energy density and body weight in adults and children: a systematic review.

Changes in intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to risk of obesity and weight gain among middle-aged women

It is suggested that increasing intake of fruits and vegetables may reduce long-term risk of obesity and weight gain among middle-aged women.

Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases

This critical review on the associations between the intake of vegetables and fruit and the risk of several chronic diseases shows that a high daily intake of these foods promotes health.

Adverse metabolic effects of dietary fructose: results from the recent epidemiological, clinical, and mechanistic studies

The accumulating epidemiological evidence, direct clinical evidence, and the evidence suggesting plausible mechanisms support a role for sugar in the epidemics of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes.