Frozen shoulder: a consensus definition.

  title={Frozen shoulder: a consensus definition.},
  author={Joseph D. Zuckerman and Andrew S. Rokito},
  journal={Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery},
  volume={20 2},
INTRODUCTION Frozen shoulder (FS) is a common diagnosis treated by orthopaedic surgeons and other physicians caring for musculoskeletal problems. However, there is no standard definition and classification for this common condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS We asked 211 clinician members of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons to review our proposed definition of FS and its classification into primary and secondary types. Secondary FS was further divided into intrinsic, extrinsic, and… CONTINUE READING