Frontloading: a risk factor for HIV and hepatitis C virus infection among injecting drug users in Berlin.

@article{Stark1996FrontloadingAR,
  title={Frontloading: a risk factor for HIV and hepatitis C virus infection among injecting drug users in Berlin.},
  author={Klaus Stark and Reinhold Mueller and Ulrich Bienzle and Irene Guggenmoos-Holzmann},
  journal={AIDS},
  year={1996},
  volume={10 3},
  pages={311-7}
}
OBJECTIVE To determine whether frontloading (i.e., syringe-mediated drug-sharing) is a risk factor for HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among injecting drug users (IDU). DESIGN Cross-sectional study. Data on sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics were obtained by a standardized questionnaire. Serum samples were… CONTINUE READING