Fronted Velars, Palatalized Velars, and Palatals

  title={Fronted Velars, Palatalized Velars, and Palatals},
  author={Patricia A. Keating and Aditi Lahiri},
  pages={73 - 101}
Abstract Articulatory and acoustic characteristics of various stop consonants in Czech, Hungarian, English, and Russian are compared: velars before back and before front vowels, palatalized velars, and palatals. The articulatory data consist of X-ray tracings and palatograms taken from the literature. The acoustic data consist of LPC spectra of brief intervals at stop release and at vowel onset. These data indicate that all of these consonant types are distinct. Contextual fronting of velars is… 

The Role of Perception in the Sound Change of Velar Palatalization

Abstract Voiceless velar stops may become palatoalveolar affricates before front vowels. This sound change is not only one of the most common types of palatalization, but is a very common sound

The role of perception in the sound change of velar palatalization.

Three experiments reported here test the hypothesis that velar palatalization is the result of listeners' on-line perceptual reanalysis of fast rate speech and show that velars before front vowels are both acoustically and perceptually similar to palatoalveolars.


Phonetic evidence is presented to contribute to a possible explanation of how historical coronalization of labialized velars in front vowel environments may take place. Sound changes of labialized

Palatalization in Central Bùlì

It is argued that both full and secondary palatalization occur in Buli, and the long high front vowel /i:/ triggers the formation of a palato-alveolar affricate which is realized in the Central dialect of Buli where the Northern and Central dialects retain the derived palatal stop.

The articulatory characteristics of the palatals, palatalized velars and velars in Hakka Chinese

This paper presents the articulatory characteristics of the palatals, palatalized velar and velar consonants [c ] in Hakka Chinese, spoken in the city of Meixian in southeastern China. Palatograms

The Hungarian palatal stop: Phonological considerations and phonetic data

This study examines the movement trajectories of the dorsal tongue movements during symmetrical /VCa/ -sequences, where /V/ was one of the Hungarian long or short vowels /i,a,u/ and C either the

Phonetics and phonology in Gallo‐Romance palatalisation

Palatalisation of the velars /k, in Gallo-Romance applied not just before the usual front vowels /i, e, ɛ/ but also, famously, before the low vowel /a/. Various scenarios have been proposed regarding

An Acoustic Analysis of Palatal Obstruents in Two Romance Varieties

The results indicate that the acoustic contrast between postalveolar and palatal obstruents is less robust in Vallader than in Sangiovannese, where in turn inter-speaker differences are more sizeable.

Palatalization/Velar Softening: What It Is and What It Tells Us about the Nature of Language

  • M. Halle
  • Linguistics
    Linguistic Inquiry
  • 2005
This study proposes an account both of the consonantal changes involved in palatalization/velar softening and of the fact that this change is encountered before front vowels. The change is a