Frontalis suspension in the treatment of essential blepharospasm unresponsive to botulinum-toxin therapy: long-term results

@article{Roggenkaemper1997FrontalisSI,
  title={Frontalis suspension in the treatment of essential blepharospasm unresponsive to botulinum-toxin therapy: long-term results},
  author={Peter Roggenkaemper and Zita N{\"u}\ssgens},
  journal={Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology},
  year={1997},
  volume={235},
  pages={486-489}
}
Thirty-one patients with essential blepharospasm or lid opening disorder of the levator-inhibiting type, unresponsive to treatment with botulinum toxin, underwent frontalis suspension. Twenty-eight patients received bilateral surgery (three patients with bilateral complaints of different severity were operated on the more affected side; these patients were not included in the statistical analysis). The mean age was 62.4 years±8.52 (range 42–80 years). The individual improvement of complaints… CONTINUE READING