Frontal late positivity in dental phobia: A study on gender differences

  title={Frontal late positivity in dental phobia: A study on gender differences},
  author={Anne Schienle and Angelika K{\"o}chel and Verena Leutgeb},
  journal={Biological Psychology},

Can you read my pokerface? A study on sex differences in dentophobia

Female phobic women showed enhanced disgust-related facial electromyographic activity to dental treatment scenes relative to men, which points to the greater relevance of disgust for the female symptomatology of dentophobia, or it might also be possible that male patients more successfully inhibit disgust reactions during confrontation.

Sex-specific associations between grey matter volume and phobic symptoms in dental phobia

Biased emotional attention in patients with dental phobia

The results suggest that dental phobia cannot be associated with the typical effects of biased motivated attention seen in other specific phobias, and indicates that dentalphobia shares typical characteristics with mild forms of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Functional Brain Connectivity During Fear of Pain: A Comparison Between Dental Phobics and Controls

It is found that the control subjects displayed a stronger and more widespread connectivity compared to patients, which might reflect successful emotion regulation, which was absent in the clinical group.

Altered functional connectivity of basal ganglia circuitry in dental phobia.

This study provides first evidence for an altered information flow within a fronto-striatal network in dentophobic individuals during visual symptom provocation, which can be considered a neuromarker of this disorder.

Individual differences in cognitive reappraisal usage modulate the time course of brain activation during symptom provocation in specific phobia

The results of this study show for the first time that individual differences in cognitive reappraisal usage are associated with the time course of brain activation during symptom provocation in specific phobia.

Gender differences in adolescents’ perceptions toward dentists using the Japanese version of the dental beliefs survey: a cross-sectional survey

This study identified two factors of differing strengths pertaining to the confidence of Japanese adolescents in dentists that may improve the effectiveness of strategies to lower dental anxiety and foster positive dental beliefs in young patients.



Late cortical positivity and cardiac responsitivity in female dental phobics when exposed to phobia-relevant pictures

  • V. LeutgebAxel SchäferA. Schienle
  • Psychology, Medicine
    International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2011

Prevalence of dental fear and phobia relative to other fear and phobia subtypes.

The findings suggest that dental fear is a remarkably severe and stable condition with a long duration, and the high prevalence of dental phobia in the Netherlands is intriguing and warrants investigation in other countries.

Gender and age differences in attitudes to dental pain and dental control.

Attitudes to pain and control were found to be complex phenomena with characteristic gender differences, and women and younger subjects reporting higher levels of dental anxiety than men and older subjects.

Event-Related Brain Potentials of Spider Phobics to Disorder- Relevant, Generally Disgust- and Fear-Inducing Pictures

This investigation covered the disgust and fear reactivity of patients suffering from spider phobia. We analyzed event-related brain potentials and affective responses to pictures depicting spiders,

Predictors of behavioral avoidance in dental phobia: The role of gender, dysfunctional cognitions and the need for control

Abstract Dental anxiety and the related avoidance of dental treatment can result in severe impairment of health. We investigated the influence on avoidance behavior of phobic severity, gender,

An event-related potential study on exposure therapy for patients suffering from spider phobia

Brain dynamics in spider-phobic individuals exposed to phobia-relevant and other emotional stimuli.

A temporal unfolding in perceptual processing from unspecific vigilance (P1) to preferential responding (EPN and LPP) to phobia-relevant materials in the spider phobia group is demonstrated, which is related to emotional relevance of the stimulus cues rather than reflecting a fear-specific response.

Gender differences in dental anxiety: is the chair position important?

No significant gender differences emerged between the two groups in relation to dental anxiety regarding dentist-patient relations, depression, and the quality of life (QL-Index).