Frontal Lobe Contributions to Theory of Mind

  title={Frontal Lobe Contributions to Theory of Mind},
  author={Valerie E. Stone and Simon Baron-Cohen and Robert T. Knight},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
Theory of mind, the ability to make inferences about others' mental states, seems to be a modular cognitive capacity that underlies humans' ability to engage in complex social interaction. It develops in several distinct stages, which can be measured with social reasoning tests of increasing difficulty. Individuals with Asperger's syndrome, a mild form of autism, perform well on simpler theory of mind tests but show deficits on more developmentally advanced theory of mind tests. We tested… 

"Theory of mind" impairments and their relationship to executive functioning following frontal lobe excisions.

The theory of mind was investigated in patients with unilateral frontal lobe lesions and the ability to infer first- and second-order beliefs was tested by requiring subjects to listen to stories in which a protagonist acted upon a false belief.

Acquired personality traits of autism following damage to the medial prefrontal cortex

The most interesting finding was that both cases showed personality changes after surgical operations, leading to characteristics of autism showing a lack of social interaction in everyday life.

Theory of mind and the frontal lobes.

Frontal lesions do not necessarily implicate in ToM deficits, which may occur when such lesions are associated to disturbance of social behavior.

Acquired theory of mind impairments in individuals with bilateral amygdala lesions

The impact of extensive medial frontal lobe damage on 'Theory of Mind' and cognition.

G.T. had a dysexecutive syndrome characterized by impairments in planning and memory, as well as a tendency to confabulate, but did not have any significant impairment on tasks probing her ability to construct a 'Theory of Mind', demonstrating that the extensive medial frontal regions destroyed by her stroke are not necessary for this function.

Theory of mind and the right cerebral hemisphere: Refining the scope of impairment

The findings indicate that RHD can result in a functionally specific deficit in attributing intentional states, particularly those involving second-order attributions, and underscore the necessity of combining lesion and imaging studies in determining functional-anatomical relations.

What's domain-specific about theory of mind?

It is argued that 20 years of data collection in lesion patients and children with autism supports a more parsimonious view closer to that of the 1985 paper, Baron-Cohen and colleagues, which argued that autistic performance on false belief tests was explained by a deficit in metarepresentation.

Dissociation of Social Cognition and Executive Function in Frontal Variant Frontotemporal Dementia.

A dissociation of social cognition and executive function is indicated suggesting that in psychiatric presentations of fv-FTD there may be a fundamental deficit in theory of mind independent of the level of executive function.

Theory of mind in individuals with Alzheimer-type dementia

Abstract Background: Theory of Mind (ToM) ability allows attribution of mental states to oneself and others. Recent studies suggest that impairment of ToM may be a partial cause of

Training theory of mind following right hemisphere damage: A pilot study




Is There a Social Module? Language, Face Processing, and Theory of Mind in Individuals with Williams Syndrome

This work evaluates the details of this hypothesis through a series of experiments on language, face processing, and theory of mind carried out with subjects with Williams syndrome, a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder resulting in an uneven lin-guisticocognitive profile.

Recognition of Mental State Terms

This simple mental state recognition task appears to relate to theory of mind, in that both the orbito-frontal cortex and the frontal-polar region are impaired in autism.

Modeling other minds

Nine normal volunteers performed a ‘theory of mind’ task while their regional brain blood flow pattern was recorded using the PET [15O]H2O technique, suggesting that when inferential reasoning depends on constructing a mental model about the beliefs and intentions of others, the participation of the prefrontal cortex is required.

Communicative competence and theory of mind in autism: A test of relevance theory

Development of theory of mind and executive control

Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind” ?

The comportmental learning disabilities of early frontal lobe damage.

In comparison with other types of brain damage which disrupt cognitive development, frontal damage acquired early in life appears to provide the neurological substrate for a special type of learning disability in the realms of insight, foresight, social judgement, empathy, and complex reasoning.

Mechanical, behavioural and Intentional understanding of picture stories in autistic children

High-ability autistic children were compared with low-ability Down's syndrome children and clinically normal preschool children on a picture sequencing task. When the sequences could be understood in