From urban lawns to urban meadows: Reduction of mowing frequency increases plant taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity

  title={From urban lawns to urban meadows: Reduction of mowing frequency increases plant taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic diversity},
  author={Simon Chollet and Charlotte Brabant and S Tessier and Vincent Jung},
  journal={Landscape and Urban Planning},
Abstract In regions where intensive farming is the dominant land use, urban areas are an opportunity for biodiversity conservation. Thence there is an urgent need to promote more biodiversity-friendly cities. Lawns are widely distributed urban habitats which cover important surface in public and private places. However theses habitats are currently poor refuges for plant and animal communities due to their intensive management. This study assesses if a reduction in mowing frequency results in a… 
Less is more! Rapid increase in plant species richness after reduced mowing in urban grasslands
Abstract Urban lawns provide space for recreation in cities, and they are an important part of urban green infrastructures. However, most lawns are intensively managed. As only few plant species can
Less is more! Rapid increase in plant species richness after reduced mowing of urban grasslands
This study studied the plant diversity of urban grasslands that have recently undergone management changes from mowing every few weeks to mowing only once or twice per season and compared them to intensively managed lawns to show that the reduction of mowing is a simple and effective tool for increasing the biodiversity in urban grassland.
Surrounding landscape influences functional diversity of plant species in urban parks
Abstract Urban parks constitute one of the most important elements of the urban green infrastructure. However, knowledge on how the surrounding landscape influences the functional diversity of plant
Complexifying the urban lawn improves heat mitigation and arthropod biodiversity
Abstract Urban green infrastructures (GI) are important features of cities which provide many ecosystem services promoting citizens’ well-being. As space is often limited in cities for establishing
Soil microarthropod communities of urban green spaces in Baltimore, Maryland, USA
Abstract Urbanization fundamentally alters soil physiochemical properties, but little is known on how this human effect alters soil biota. Microarthropods are important bioindicators due to their
Promoting Biodiversity: Vegetation in a Model Small Park Located in the Research and Educational Centre
University campuses, as important elements of urban greenery, are related with a positive impact on student health and well-being. They provide unique possibilities for estimating biodiversity
Connectivity assessment and prioritization of urban grasslands as a helpful tool for effective management of urban ecosystem services
The results suggest that increasing the plant species richness in urban grasslands in the city center requires seed addition, especially for plants with low dispersal ability.
Significance of Urban Vegetation on Lawns Regarding the Risk of Fire
Urban green infrastructure significantly influences the functioning of a city and the comfort of its residents. Lawns are an essential element of public greenery. They represent a live component, and
Ecosystem functioning in urban grasslands: The role of biodiversity, plant invasions and urbanization
It is found that abiotic novelty potentially favors aliens in Berlin, mainly by enhancing their dispersal and fitness under drought, and the relationship between species richness and community AGB found in the urban grasslands studied in Berlin was comparable to that described in non-urban experimental grasslands in Europe.
Energy crops in urban parks as a promising alternative to traditional lawns – Perceptions and a cost-benefit analysis
Abstract In this study, we investigated the possibility of replacing existing lawns located in urban parks with patches of energy crop plantations as a way to reduce maintenance costs. We selected


Urban Grassland Restoration: A Neglected Opportunity for Biodiversity Conservation
It is argued that besides all challenges associated with the restoration of urban habitats the authors should urgently proceed in the development of appropriate and effective restoration approaches and communicate knowledge gained to urban planners and stakeholders.
URban Biotopes of Aotearoa New Zealand (URBANZ) (I): composition and diversity of temperate urban lawns in Christchurch
Christchurch urban lawns are dominated by non-native grasses and forbs. However, we document considerable plant diversity; the total number of species encountered in our 327 sampled lawns was 127,
Drivers of biodiversity patterns in parks of a growing South American megacity
How urban habitats contribute to biodiversity conservation is a key challenge in a rapidly urbanising world. Urban parks can provide important habitats for native species, but previous studies are
Local gardening practices shape urban lawn floristic communities
a b s t r a c t The large number of green space lawns in cities means that they shelter a high proportion of wild urban species, but the roles of landscape and management on the level of biodiversity
Patterns and potentials of plant species richness in high‐ and low‐maintenance urban grasslands
Aims We investigated urban grasslands to: (1) explore current patterns of plant species richness in high-maintenance vs low-maintenance grasslands, (2) investigate environmental drivers of plant
Biodiverse perennial meadows have aesthetic value and increase residents’ perceptions of site quality in urban green-space
We used photo-elicitation studies and a controlled perennial meadow creation experiment at ten urban green-spaces in southern England (five experimental sites and five control sites) to assess
Sustainable plants in urban parks: A life cycle analysis of traditional and alternative lawns in Georgia, USA
Intensive urban development is increasing the demand for green areas within cities. Urban brownfields could become a source for green redevelopment areas. Sustainable redevelopment requires precise
Motivations for conserving urban biodiversity.
  • D. Dearborn, S. Kark
  • Business, Medicine
    Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
  • 2010
It is argued that urban areas do offer an important venue for conservation biology, but that the authors must become better at choosing and articulating their goals, and that different goals will require different approaches and actions.
Management effects on the vegetation and soil seed bank of calcareous grasslands: An 11-year experiment
It is concluded that abandonment of calcareous grasslands may lead to rapid decline of plant species diversity both in the aboveground vegetation and in the seed bank, and seed banks probably have a limited role to play in the restoration of recently abandoned grasslands.
Does delaying the first mowing date benefit biodiversity in meadowland?
Delaying the first mowing date in European meadowlands has either positive or neutral effects on plant and invertebrate biodiversity, except for plant species richness when delaying from spring to fall or from early summer to later.