From threat to safety: instructed reversal of defensive reactions.

  title={From threat to safety: instructed reversal of defensive reactions.},
  author={Vincent D Costa and Margaret M. Bradley and Peter J. Lang},
  volume={52 3},
Cues that signal the possibility of receiving an electric shock reliably induce defensive activation. To determine whether cues can also easily reverse defensive reactions, a threat reversal paradigm was developed in which a cue signaling threat of shock reversed its meaning across the course of the study. This allowed us to contrast defensive reactions to threat cues that became safe cues, with responses to cues that continued to signal threat or safety. Results showed that, when participants… CONTINUE READING
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