From the spinning disc to the membrane oxygenator for open-heart surgery.


Gibbon's rotating cylinder could not be enlarged to oxygenate an animal larger than a cat. The spinning disc oxygenator, introduced in 1947, had the capacity to perfuse a dog and the potential to increase oxygenation capacity by addition of more discs. When centers began to do three to four open-heart operations per day, the disposable bubble oxygenator was… (More)