From the Transits of Venus to the Birth of Experimental Psychology

  title={From the Transits of Venus to the Birth of Experimental Psychology},
  author={W. Sheehan},
  journal={Physics in Perspective},
  • W. Sheehan
  • Published 2013
  • Physics
  • Physics in Perspective
I trace the attempts to determine the Earth-Sun distance, which is based on measurements of the solar parallax, from the naked-eye observations of Aristarchus of Samos in antiquity to observations of the transits of Venus in the 18th century, noting the nature of the observational errors involved in them. I then turn to measurements of stellar positions with meridian or transit telescopes in the 17th to 19th centuries using the eye and ear method of observation. I show how an analysis of the… Expand
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