From the School Yard to the Squad Car: School Discipline, Truancy, and Arrest

  title={From the School Yard to the Squad Car: School Discipline, Truancy, and Arrest},
  author={Kathryn C. Monahan and Susan Vanderhei and Jordan Bechtold and Elizabeth Cauffman},
  journal={Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
Since the 1990’s, implementation of zero tolerance policies in schools has led to increased use of school suspension and expulsion as disciplinary techniques for students with varying degrees of infractions. An unintended consequence of zero tolerance policies is that school suspension or expulsion may increase risk for contact with the juvenile justice system. In the present study, we test how forced absence from school via suspension or expulsion and chosen absence from school (truancy) are… 
Disrupting the Pathway from Truancy to Delinquency: A Randomized Field Trial Test of the Longitudinal Impact of a School Engagement Program
ObjectiveTruancy in adolescence is related to detrimental developmental outcomes over the life-course, including a greater risk for delinquency during adolescence and offending in adulthood. This
Absence Unexcused: A Systematic Review on Truancy
ABSTRACT Mirroring trends in the legal system, discipline within education has adopted zero-tolerance policies in an attempt to curb undesired behaviors in school. K–12 schools have expanded the use
The School-to-Prison Pipeline: A Primer for Social Workers.
The correlates of the school-to-prison pipeline and its disparate outcomes are explained, most notably for students of color; those with disabilities; and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning students.
Sent Home Versus Being Arrested: The Relative Influence of School and Police Intervention on Drug Use
Examination of data from the Rochester Youth Developmental Study indicates that school exclusionary practices appeared to be more predictive of drug use than police arrest during both adolescence and young adulthood.
Educational and Criminal Justice Outcomes 12 Years After School Suspension
Twelve years after suspension, suspended youth were less likely than matched nonsuspended youth to have earned bachelor’s degrees or high school diplomas, and were more likely to have been arrested and on probation, suggesting that suspension rather than selection bias explains negative outcomes.
Exclusionary School Discipline during Childhood and Adolescent Police Encounters
ABSTRACT A growing body of literature demonstrates exclusionary discipline (e.g., suspension, expulsion) elevates the risk of arrest and incarceration. Even so, the bulk of research to date overlooks
Education versus Punishment? Silo Effects and the School-to-prison Pipeline
Objectives: This article examines the influence of social context on punishment decisions. To this end, we present a theoretical framework to identify outcomes that can occur when police and
Addressing the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Examining Micro- and Macro-Level Variables that Affect School Disengagement and Subsequent Felonies
Abstract This study examines the School-to-Prison Pipeline (STPP) by identifying individual legal and extra-legal variables and school-level factors that predict juvenile/criminal justice involvement
Collateral Consequences of School Suspension: Examining the ‘Knifing off’ Hypothesis
School exclusionary practices are routinely used in response to undesired behaviors in the school environment and have been shown to have resulted in unintentional or collateral consequences for


The effect of school suspensions and arrests on subsequent adolescent antisocial behavior in Australia and the United States.
Who gets suspended from school and why: A demographic analysis of schools and disciplinary infractions in a large school district.
Abstract The purpose of this investigation was to examine out-of-school suspensions in a large, ethnically diverse school district by race, gender, school level, and infraction type. Such an analysis
Bad Boys and School Suspensions: Public Policy Implications for Black Males
The focus of this research is the disciplinary policy of school suspension and its effect on black male students. We examined the application of public school suspensions by race and sex in an
Iatrogenic effect of juvenile justice.
The results show that youths who are poor, impulsive, poorly supervised by their parents, and exposed to deviant friends are more likely, for the same degree of antisocial behavior, to undergo intervention by the Juvenile Court, and that this intervention greatly increases the likelihood of involvement with the penal system in adulthood.
Who's skipping school: characteristics of truants in 8th and 10th grade.
  • K. Henry
  • Education
    The Journal of school health
  • 2007
Insight is offered into the types of students who may be prone to skipping school and potential target audiences for truancy prevention initiatives and the prevalence of self-reported recent truancy among 8th- and 10th-grade students.
Exclusion and Marginalisation in Adolescence: The Experience of School Exclusion on Drug Use and Antisocial Behaviour
Young people excluded from school are a group at an increased risk of drug use and antisocial behaviour during adolescence and later marginalisation and exclusion from society in adulthood. As part
School Bonding, Race, and Delinquency
While there is considerable evidence that blacks experience school in qualitatively distinct ways from whites, there has been a general failure to examine racial variation in the impact of school
Zero tolerance : can suspension and expulsion keep schools safe?
Editors' Notes (Russell J. Skiba, Gil G. Noam). Executive Summary (Russell J. Skiba, Gil G. Noam). 1. Zero tolerance, zero evidence: An analysis of school disciplinary practice (Russell J. Skiba,
School Suspension: A Study with Secondary School Students
Criminal justice involvement and high school completion