From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean: Medieval History in Geographic Perspective

@article{Wink2002FromTM,
  title={From the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean: Medieval History in Geographic Perspective},
  author={Andr{\'e} Wink},
  journal={Comparative Studies in Society and History},
  year={2002},
  volume={44},
  pages={416 - 445}
}
  • A. Wink
  • Published 1 July 2002
  • History
  • Comparative Studies in Society and History
It is widely acknowledged that Orientalist notions of political economy were marred by geographic determinism. From Marx to Wittfogel, generic concepts such as the “Asiatic mode of production,” the “hydraulic state” or “Oriental despotism” involved simplistic observations relating to climate and, particularly, the presence of large rivers and alluvial plains which were invoked to explain essential and persistent differences with the West.See R. Inden, “Orientalist Constructions of India… 

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