• Corpus ID: 109625169

From technocracy to net energy analysis : engineers, economists and recurring energy theories of value

  title={From technocracy to net energy analysis : engineers, economists and recurring energy theories of value},
  author={Ernst R. Berndt},

David Hawkins and the making of the Hawkins-Simon conditions

The Hawkins-Simon conditions, which are necessary and sufficient for the viability of input–output systems, are described in many encyclopedias, textbooks and papers, but always without historical

On the Energy Theory of Value: Economy and Policies

The Energy Theory of Value is presented on basis of clearly defined physical principles of energy and entropy. It is put in three postulates: economy is energy consumption, the universe (and thus

Labour values and energy values: some developments on the common substance of value since 1867

Abstract Marx’s Das Kapital (1867) singled out labour as the common substance of value in all commodities. Costanza (1980) in Science chose energy and propagated energy values (a century after Engels

Net energy analysis must not compare apples and oranges

Energy return on investment (EROI) is a critical measure of the comparative utility of different energy carriers, including fossil fuels and renewables. However, it must not be used to compare


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The United States, as do most advanced industrial nations, generally measures value in money terms. The utility of employing a common denominator, such as money, is readily understood. However,

Aggregate Energy, Efficiency, and Productivity Measurement

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Ever since the oil embargo of 1973-74 everyone speaks of the energy crisis. And whether we are "optimists" or "pessimists", by now most of us recognize that what will happen in the end to this crisis

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Energy-production subsidies are, paradoxically, shown to be likely to increase U.S. dependence on imported oil. Standard studies of net energy yields are shown to be seriously biased upward for two