From small Maria to massive Campbell: Forty years of rat eradications from New Zealand islands

@article{Towns2003FromSM,
  title={From small Maria to massive Campbell: Forty years of rat eradications from New Zealand islands},
  author={David R. Towns and Keith G. Broome},
  journal={New Zealand Journal of Zoology},
  year={2003},
  volume={30},
  pages={377 - 398}
}
  • D. Towns, K. Broome
  • Published 1 January 2003
  • Environmental Science
  • New Zealand Journal of Zoology
Abstract Over the last four decades the eradication of rats from islands around New Zealand has moved from accidental eradication following the exploratory use of baits for rat control to carefully planned complex eradications of rats and cats (Felis catus) on large islands. Introduced rodents have now been eradicated from more than 90 islands. Of these successful campaigns, those on Breaksea Island, the Mercury Islands, Kapiti Island, and Tuhua Island are used here as case studies because they… 
New Zealand island restoration: seabirds, predators, and the importance of history
TLDR
New Zealand's offshore and outlying islands have long been a focus of conservation biology as sites of local endemism and as last refuges for many species, but increasingly aware that most islands have been substantially modified since human settlement of New Zealand.
Eradication of exotic mammals from offshore islands in new South Wales , Australia
TLDR
Knowledge sharing and the free availability of information have been pivotal to the success of the operations undertaken to date, and the experiences gained have greatly enhanced the local capacity to plan and co-ordinate more complex eradications.
Rodent eradication scaled up: clearing rats and mice from South Georgia
Abstract The Subantarctic island of South Georgia lost most of its birds to predation by rodents introduced by people over 2 centuries. In 2011 a UK charity began to clear brown rats Rattus
ERADICATION OF BLACK RATS FROM FARALLÓN DE SAN IGNACIO AND SAN PEDRO MÁRTIR ISLANDS, GULF OF CALIFORNIA, MEXICO
TLDR
This project represents the first project of aerial broadcast rat eradication in Latin America, and initial post-eradication monitoring resulted in no sign of rats.
Fifty years of rodent eradications in New Zealand: another decade of advances
TLDR
The early history of rodent management in New Zealand leading up to and including the Big South Cape Island/Taukihepa ship rat invasion is reviewed, and the development and implementation of rodent eradication technologies on New Zealand islands up to the present day are documented.
Best practice guidelines for rat eradication on tropical islands
The legacy of Big South Cape: rat irruption to rat eradication.
TLDR
This island was rat-free until the incursion of ship rats in 1963, when for the first time rats were definitively recognised as the cause of extinction of native land birds and directed further debate into the impacts of rats and how to deal with them.
The eradication of mammals from New Zealand islands
TLDR
There are good prospects for further eradications of alien mammals from islands around the world, facilitating ecological restoration and the recovery of threatened species and instances of reinvasion of rats and stoats onto previously cleared islands illustrate the importance of prevention, effective monitoring and a fuller understanding of invasion risks.
Rapid assessment of rat eradication after aerial baiting
Summary Eradication of introduced rodents on islands is increasingly implemented as a conservation tool. Aerial baiting, currently the main eradication technique, provides no information on
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 122 REFERENCES
Eradication of Norway Rats for Recovery of Seabird Habitat on Langara Island, British Columbia
TLDR
Using funds from the litigation settlement following the Nestucca oil spill, Environment Canada eradicated Norway rats using a technique developed in New Zealand which involved dispensing wax baits containing the anticoagulant brodifacoum from fixed bait stations.
Eradication of feral goats on islands and habitat islands
TLDR
Six conclusions are reached: policies of eradication are counterproductive unless they are possible; short, intensive campaigns are best; managers should measure and record costs, efforts, and kills to improve planning; cynics are useful if only to check claims of success.
Advances in New Zealand mammalogy 1990–2000: European rats
TLDR
In podocarp-hardwood forest at Pureora, central North Island, largescale trapping during 1983-87 caught only 43 Norway rats compared with 1793 ship rats, and 35 of the Norway rats came from a single Fenn trap near the Waipapa Stream, which supports the largely untested conclusions that the surviving mainland non-commensal populations are most likely to be found near water.
Changes in habitat use by lizards on a New Zealand island following removal of the introduced Pacific Rat Rattus exulans
TLDR
The selective natural recovery of Shore Skink populations on Korapuki Island indicates that the effects of Pacific Rats on island lizard faunas depends not only on the presence of refuge areas, such as rocky beaches, but also on the particle sizes within them.
What limits kiore (Rattus exulans) distribution in New Zealand
TLDR
Re‐examination of possible reasons for the decline of the kiore strongly suggests that competition from mice has been a major contributing factor, and in New Zealand a niche no longer exists for kiore once mice, ship rats, and Norway rats have all become established.
Conservation and restoration of New Zealand Island ecosystems.
Spread of the ship rat (Rattus r. rattus L.) III New Zealand
TLDR
It appears more probable that ship rats did not spread through the North Island until after 1860, and in the South Island after 1890, than that they were present in isolated localities at least a few years prior to these dates.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...