From simple rules of individual proximity, complex and coordinated collective movement.

@article{Freeberg2019FromSR,
  title={From simple rules of individual proximity, complex and coordinated collective movement.},
  author={Todd M. Freeberg},
  journal={Journal of comparative psychology},
  year={2019},
  volume={133 2},
  pages={
          141-142
        }
}
  • T. Freeberg
  • Published 1 May 2019
  • Psychology
  • Journal of comparative psychology
In this brief article, the author notes that the empirical study of coordinated collective motion (CCM) has often been built upon the theoretical foundation of mathematical models and computer simulation of behavior. One key assumption of CCM models is that individuals' movement behavior is influenced by rules of proximity-a balance of attraction and repulsion tendencies depending on how close an immediate neighbor is. When individuals are moving in groups, these rules therefore have a bearing… 
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