From marine ecology to biological oceanography

  title={From marine ecology to biological oceanography},
  author={Eric L. Mills},
  journal={Helgol{\"a}nder Meeresuntersuchungen},
  • E. Mills
  • Published 1 March 1995
  • Environmental Science
  • Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen
Looking back from the 1990s it seems natural to view the work done in the Biologische Anstalt Helgoland by Friedrich Heincke and his colleagues, beginning in 1892, as marine ecology or marine biology, and that done in Kiel, under Victor Hensen and Karl Brandt, as biological oceanography. But historical analysis shows this view to be untenable. Biological oceanography, as a research category and a profession, does not appear until at least the 1950's. In the German tradition of marine research… 
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  • E. Mills
  • Environmental Science, History
  • 1991
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