From child to musician: skill development during the beginning stages of learning an instrument

@article{McPherson2005FromCT,
  title={From child to musician: skill development during the beginning stages of learning an instrument},
  author={Gary E. McPherson},
  journal={Psychology of Music},
  year={2005},
  volume={33},
  pages={35 - 5}
}
  • G. McPherson
  • Published 1 January 2005
  • Psychology
  • Psychology of Music
This article reports on a three-year longitudinal study with 157 children in school grades 3 and 4 (aged between 7 and 9 years), who commenced learning an instrument in one of eight school music programmes. The children were administered tests at the end of each school year to assess their abilities to perform rehearsed music, sight-read, play from memory, play by ear and improvise, and interviews were completed with the children’s mothers in order to calculate how much practice they had… 

Tables from this paper

On becoming and being a musician : a mixed methods study of musicianship in children and adults

Studies comparing musically trained and untrained children and adults provide evidence of structural, functional and behavioural changes associated with experience-specific adaptation within the

Making Music Meaningful with Adaptive Immediate Feedback Drill for Teaching Children with Cognitive Impairment: A Dual Coding Strategy to Aural Skills

TLDR
The result of the interviews showed that the teachers and the parents hold positive views on this AIFD learning system and the students’ aural skills, participation during the class, and preference on music are satisfied with the progress.

Cognitive, Motor and Social Factors of Music Instrument Training Programs for Older Adults’ Improved Wellbeing

TLDR
Examination of the effects of a 10-week piano training program on healthy older adult novices’ cognitive and motor skills, in comparison to an inactive waitlisted control group, reveals that the group learning environment motivated participants to play in musical ensembles and to socialize.

Music-related motor skills in pianists - Predictors of skill acquisition in childhood and of maintenance in adulthood

TLDR
Predictors of motor skill acquisition in children pianists are according to factors previously found to influence musical performance achievement, and in expert pianists, maintenance of motor skills was strongly influenced by amount of practice.

Measuring the impact of musical learning on cognitive, behavioural and socio-emotional wellbeing development in children

This study investigated the effects of musical instrument learning on the concomitant development of cognitive, behavioural and socio-emotional skills in 38 seven- to nine-year-old children. Pre- and

Changes in Perception Accompany the Development of Music Performance Skills

In two experiments we examined the extent to which musicians identify discrepancies between their intentions and their playing during individual practice. In the first experiment, 60 musicians

Using the musical score to perform: A study with Spanish flute students

Musical scores constitute a key element in the development of expertise in musicians from western tonal traditions, since they act as a mediator between the performer and the music itself. Our aim

THE ESSENCE OF MENTAL TRAINING AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR ITS USE IN THE VIOLIN TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS OF PUPILS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION

The subject of mental training has gained a great deal of attention in the field of sports psychology and various authors have shown that many of the components of mental training transfer

The art of teaching children the arts: music, dance and poetry with children aged 2–8 years old

In this article, the theoretical framework of developmental pedagogy is presented as a tool in studying and developing children’s knowing within the arts. The domains of art focused on are music,

‘Just notes’: Young musicians’ perspectives on learning expressive performance

Expressiveness is an important aspect of an excellent music performance as it adds quality and interest to the playing and listening experience. Although several studies have investigated tertiary
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES

The Assessment of Musical Performance: Development and Validation of Five New Measures

This study examined the ability of 101 high school instrumentalists to perform rehearsed music, sight-read, play from memory, pay by ear and improvise. It is organised into three parts: part one

A Longitudinal Study of Self-regulation in Children's Musical Practice

This study investigates common trends and individual differences in children's practice according to six dimensions of self-regulation. Seven children, aged between 7 and 9 years at the beginning of

The role of practice in the development of performing musicians

TLDR
It was discovered that there was a strong relationship between musical achievement and the amount of formal practice undertaken, and strong support to the theory that formal effortful practice is a principal determinant of musical achievement.

Factors and Abilities Influencing Sightreading Skill in Music

This study was designed to replicate and extend existing literature by seeking to determine important factors and abilities that influence sightreading skill in music. The Watkins-Farnum Performance

The teacher's role in facilitating memory and study strategy development in the elementary school classroom.

TLDR
Children's performance on a maintenance trial was evaluated: Among average and low achievers, those whose teachers were relatively high in strategy suggestions showed better maintenance and more deliberate use of the trained strategy than did children whose teachers rarely made strategy suggestions.

Developing Effective Practise Strategies: Case studies of three young instrumentalists

The importance of practise is self-evident to instrumental teachers and parents, who will put considerable energy into ensuring that pupils work between lessons to maintain progress on their

Relationships Among Ensemble Participation, Private Instruction, and Aural Skill Development

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships that exist among students' participation in public school performing ensembles, those skills measured by the Gaston Test of Musicality,

Path Analysis of a Theoretical Model to Describe the Relationship among Five Types of Musical Performance

Path analysis was used to test a model designed to encapsulate the flow of influences theorized to exist between five types of musical performance and four factors derived from a

An Effective Way to Teach and Rehearse: Research Supports Using Sequential Patterns

In 1985. an article appeared in the Fall issue of UPDA1E in which the concept of a sequential three-step process, called the teaching unit, was presented. The three-step sequence of teaching was

An Investigation of Reinforcements, Time Use, and Student Attentiveness in Piano Lessons

This investigation was a survey of natural rates and ratios of reinforcements, time use, student attentiveness, and interruptions of student performance in 96 private piano lessons. Forty-eight
...