From artificial to collective intelligence: Perspectives and implications

  title={From artificial to collective intelligence: Perspectives and implications},
  author={Vivek Kumar Singh and Ashok K. Gupta},
  journal={2009 5th International Symposium on Applied Computational Intelligence and Informatics},
Artificial Intelligence (AI), in its long journey since inception in 1956, has seen many cycles of successes and failures. It has undergone major focal transformations, both in terms of philosophical directions and the areas attracting generous funding. The journey of AI from Turing's test to current state of the art techniques, and their applications, can be seen as the A′B′C′D′ of Artificial Intelligence; with A to mean ‘Artificial’, B denoting ‘Builtin’, C standing for ‘Collective’ and D for… CONTINUE READING
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