[From alcohol to liquid ecstasy (GHB)--a survey of old and modern knockout agents. Part 3: gamma-hydroxybutyric acid ("liquid ecstasy")].

Abstract

Currently, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB/"liquid ecstasy") is frequently abused as a knockout substance. Its detection and the interpretation of the results present numerous problems which are illustrated by case reports. In this context, hair analysis and the increasing significance of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) are also discussed.

Cite this paper

@article{Schtz2011FromAT, title={[From alcohol to liquid ecstasy (GHB)--a survey of old and modern knockout agents. Part 3: gamma-hydroxybutyric acid ("liquid ecstasy")].}, author={Harald F Sch{\"{u}tz and Malin Jansen and Marcel A . Verhoff}, journal={Archiv für Kriminologie}, year={2011}, volume={228 5-6}, pages={151-9} }