From Woodcraft to 'Leave No Trace' Wilderness, Consumerism, and Environmentalism in Twentieth-

  title={From Woodcraft to 'Leave No Trace' Wilderness, Consumerism, and Environmentalism in Twentieth-},
  author={Century America and James Morton Turner},
In 1983, Outside magazine noted a growing number of "cognoscenti known as notrace or low-impact campers" backpacking into the wilderness. "As their nicknames indicate, [these people] keep the woods cleaner than they keep their [own] homes." The most devoted backpackers fluffed the grass on which they slept, gave up toilet paper rather than burying it, and preferred drinking their dishwater to pouring it on the ground. No measure seemed too extreme in their efforts to protect the wilderness… 
Taking a Hike and Hucking the Stout: The Troublesome Legacy of the Sublime in Outdoor Recreation
As Henry Thoreau noted in the 1850s, the simple act of walking can be loaded with political and spiritual meaning. Today, taking a hike as an act of engaging in outdoor recreation is equally
“To Conquer Myself”: The New Strenuosity and the Emergence of “Thru-hiking” on the Appalachian Trail in the 1970s
In the early 1970s hundreds of hikers began to traverse all 2,000-plus miles of the Appalachian Trail in a single effort. Spanning from Maine to Georgia, today over 14,000 have trekked across the
Outbacks: the popular construction of an emergent landscape
What is an ‘outback’? Why is the term being applied to landscapes bearing little resemblance to the Australian interior? Based on a survey of the rising international use of this term, and a case
Delivering the super, natural goods : commodifying wilderness in British Columbia
This thesis places the values shared by recreational hikers, backpackers, kayakers, and others within the British Columbia Forest Debate in the second half of the twentieth century. Using the 1985-86
Women and the Wild: Gender Socialization in Wilderness Recreation Advertising
Women are underrepresented in wilderness recreation despite the numerous benefits such activities provide to mental, physical, and emotional health. Several theories have been proposed linking
Out of the woods and into the lab: exploring the strange marriage of American woodcraft and Soviet ecology in Czech environmentalism
It is widely assumed that modern environmentalist thinking was imported into post-communist states such as the Czech Republic post 1989. This paper shows these countries had environmental traditions
The Centennial Return of Stewardship to the Ecological Society of America
In 1917, Victor Shelford, a founder and the first president of the Ecological Society of America (ESA), formed and chaired the ESA’s Committee for the Preservation of Natural Conditions (CPNC), an
Recreational activism: politics, nature, and the rise of neoliberalism
This paper develops an analysis of recreational activism in light of the relationship between outdoor recreation and environmental politics. As part of the rise of green liberalism, it is argued that
Social Class and the Production of Mountain Space: The historical geographies of the Seattle Mountaineers, 1906-1939
Spaces and landscapes are actively produced, reproduced, and contested through social practices. The ways in which spaces and landscapes are constructed matters because they define how they can be


The Trouble with Wilderness: Or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature
This will seem a heretical claim to many environmentalists, since the idea of wilderness has for decades been a fundamental tenet-indeed, a passion-of the environmental movement, especially in the
A Sand County Almanac and Sketches Here and There
First published in 1949 and praised in The New York Times Book Review as "a trenchant book, full of vigor and bite," A Sand County Almanac combines some of the finest nature writing since Thoreau
A Conspiracy of Optimism: Management of the National Forests since World War Two
"A Conspiracy of Optimism" explains the controversy now raging over the U.S. Forest Service's management of America's national forests. Confronted with the dual mandate of production and
Wildland Recreation Policy. An Introduction
Describes how our national parks and wilderness areas, and the agencies that manage them, have come to be. Bridging the gap between the detailed monographs and the standard references, this book
“A Blank Spot on the Map”: Aldo Leopold, Wilderness, and U. S. Forest Service Recreational Policy, 1909–1924
Though it was built upon a long tradition of wilderness thought, Aldo Leopold's wilderness idea was highly contingent, rooted in the Forest Service milieu, and tied to contemporary technological
Trends in wilderness recreation use characteristics
Recent studies at the Leopold Institute have included analysis of use and user trends at the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness, Desolation Wilderness, Shining Rock Wilderness, the Bob Marshall
Wilderness as a Form of Land Use
University of Georgia Press, 1998)
  • This compilation offers a cogent reinterpretation of the nationalistic approach to wilderness celebrated in Roderick Nash’s thrice-revised Wilderness and the American Mind. 3rd ed.
  • 1982
Northwest Chapter Chairman, Wilderness Committee Chairman, 10 November 1972, folder “Wilderness Correspondence, 1972-1973,
  • Box 6,
  • 1973
Impact Dialogue Committee, SC, “Memo Re: Wilderness Entry Permits,
  • folder “Wilderness Committee,”
  • 1972