From Theory to Practice: The Unconventional Contribution of Gottlieb Burckhardt to Psychosurgery

@article{Joanette1993FromTT,
  title={From Theory to Practice: The Unconventional Contribution of Gottlieb Burckhardt to Psychosurgery},
  author={Yves Joanette and Brigitte Stemmer and Gil Assal and Harry A. Whitaker},
  journal={Brain and Language},
  year={1993},
  volume={45},
  pages={572-587}
}
Gottlieb Burckhardt, a Swiss psychiatrist who practiced in the late 19th century, was the founder of modern psychosurgery. In 1891 he reported the results of cortical extirpations on six patients who evidently suffered from intractable psychiatric disease; two of these cases are discussed here to illustrate how Burckhardt employed contemporary brain models of language and cognition as the basis for removing specific areas of the cerebral cortex with the intention of ameliorating his patients… 
Dr. Gottlieb Burckhardt the Pioneer of Psychosurgery
  • J. Stone
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the history of the neurosciences
  • 2001
TLDR
The first attempt at psychosurgeryintentional damage to the intact brain for the relief of mental illness–was undertaken in 1888 by the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt, who was ridiculed, his academic endeavors ceased and his surgical endeavor largely ignored.
Gottlieb Burckhardt (1836-1907): 19th-Century Pioneer of Psychosurgery
Gottlieb Burckhardt was a 19th-century Swiss psychiatrist who introduced the psychosurgical method known as topectomy as a means to relieve the symptoms of aggression and agitation in individuals
Modern psychosurgery before Egas Moniz: a tribute to Gottlieb Burckhardt.
TLDR
Although Burckhardt discontinued the project after publication of his surgical results in 1891, neurosurgeons around the world continued to investigate psychosurgery and revitalized his ideas in 1910; psychosURgery subsequently developed into a full-fledged neurosurgical specialty.
Neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders
  • F. Ovsiew, D. Frim
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
  • 1997
TLDR
A network model of higher functions—more modern in conception than the localisationist/associationist model of Burckhardt's work—underlay Moniz’s theory of cerebral function in mental disorders.
Neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders
TLDR
A network model of higher functions—more modern in conception than the localisationist/associationist model of Burckhardt's work—underlay Moniz's surgical intervention and may have been daring whose time had come.
Gottlieb Burckhardt and Egas Moniz--two beginnings of psychosurgery.
TLDR
The adoption of psychosurgery was due to the interest in mental illness of nonpsychiatrists--neurologists and neurosurgeons--, and the arrival of the new treatment marks a change in the professional configuration of those who treat psychiatric afflictions.
A Controversial Past
TLDR
The success of deep brain stimulation, a new reversible and adaptable therapy devised for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, has offered the hope of new forms of treatment for patients with severe psychiatric disorders like OCD, and these new neuromodulation-based treatments are reshaping the field of psychosurgery.
Psychosurgery : A history from Prefrontal Lobotomy to Deep Brain Stimulation
TLDR
A ‘spectrum of psychosurgery’ is explored, describing how old-fashioned and controversial prefrontal lobotomy gradually evolved into modern day, mainstream scientific deep brain stimulation (DBS).
Geoffrey Knight and his contribution to psychosurgery.
TLDR
Geoffrey Knight retraces the fundamental achievements of Geoffrey Knight, a British neurosurgeon and a pioneer in the field of psychosurgery, who refined frontal leucotomies by selecting a restricted target at the center of a network that plays a crucial role in controlling mood disorders.
Psychosurgery: a historical overview.
TLDR
A better understanding of the colorful history of psychosurgery should enable modern neurosurgeons and other health care professionals to meet the social, ethical, and technical challenges that are sure to lie ahead.
...
1
2
3
...