From Streets and Squares to Radical Political Emancipation? Resistance Lessons from Athens during the Crisis

  title={From Streets and Squares to Radical Political Emancipation? Resistance Lessons from Athens during the Crisis},
  author={Costis Hadjimichalis},
  journal={Human Geography},
  pages={116 - 136}
The current crisis with imposed austerity measures hit Greece in 2009. People in large cities such as Athens were the first victims. Resistance took various forms including mobilizations and fights in the streets and squares of Athens. Although to some extent spontaneous in the beginning, these mobilizations were not without political preparation (at least for some participants) and this partially explains both their intensity and stability and the violent police reaction. Resistance and anti… 

Tables from this paper

Territorialising social movements
Following the mass mobilisations and occupations of urban squares since 2011 that came as responses to the global financial crisis, the spatial practices of social movements have undergone crucial
Solidarity and collective forms of social reproduction: the social and political legacy of Syntagma Square, Athens
  • Dimitris Pettas, Maria Daskalaki
  • Political Science
    Social & Cultural Geography
  • 2021
The latest encampments in public spaces, such as Occupy Wall Street, Taksim Square and Syntagma Square, have highlighted the significance of public space in shaping social, economic and political
Staging Equality in Greek Squares: Hybrid Spaces of Political Subjectification.
This article stages a dialogue between Jacques Ranciere's political writings and the squares movement in Greece. From May to July 2011, a heterogeneous multitude of protesters reclaimed the squares
Social movements in an era of post-democracy: how the Israeli J14 tent protests of 2011 challenged neoliberal hegemony through the production of place
Abstract Inspired by the Arab Spring, massive social movements have erupted since 2011 in many places around the world. Despite their differences, these movements have had at least two remarkable
Multilevel Governance and Development
The ‘movements of the squares’ involved first and foremost an awakening or re-discovering of the radical imagination both in the square encampments, and in later projects created with the movements’
ePubWU Institutional Repository
The ‘movements of the squares’ involved first and foremost an awakening or re-discovering of the radical imagination both in the square encampments, and in later projects created with the movements’
The spatialization of democratic politics: Insights from Indignant Squares
This article departs from accounts that either deify Indignant Squares as a model for 21st century political praxis or demonize them as apolitical/post-political crowd gatherings. By performing a
Community gardening in Hellinikon as a resistance struggle against neoliberal urbanism: spatial autogestion and the right to the city in post-crisis Athens, Greece
ABSTRACT In this paper, we aim to explore how community gardening can embed and foment grassroots resistance to the privatization of urban space in the current configuration of a prolonged


Rebels with a Cause: The December 2008 Greek Youth Movement as the Condensation of Deeper Social and Political Contradictions
The events of December 2008 in Greece represent a turning point in social movements against neoliberalism and capitalist restructuring. They were the result of worsening employment prospects for
Anti‐global movements reclaim the city
The paper examines the city as an object of contestation from the point of view of the grassroots. After discussing the city as a transforming field of social movements and grassroots mobilizations
Athens rising
Urban space has always expressed the inequality of social relations and offered a site of conflict. Urban legality comprises planning, architectural and traffic regulations, public entertainment,
From the December Youth Uprising to the Rebirth of Urban Social Movements: A Space–Time Approach
The December youth uprising in Greece took on a new form, one that has generated in its turn other uprisings and new kinds of social and radical urban movements. Led by a broad spectrum of people of
Neoliberalism, Identification Process and the Dialectics of Crisis
In Athens, on 6 December 2008, a policeman shot 15-year-old Alexis Grigoropoulos in cold blood and killed him. After the killing, spontaneous protests began in the Greek capital and within days the
The spatiality of a social struggle in Greece at the time of the IMF
The €110 billion bailout offered to the Greek government in May 2010 by the so-called troika (comprising of the International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank and the European Union) was not
The economic crisis seen from the everyday
The proliferating numbers of a new population of urban poor in the Western world—who I call here nouveau poor—is a phenomenon equally (if not more) significant as the emergence of the Indignados and
Athens in the Mediterranean ‘movement of the piazzas’ Spontaneity in material and virtual public spaces
Mediterranean cities are carrying Gramsci's concept of spontaneity into the 21st century through massive social movements after the ‘Arab Spring’. This paper explores the ways in which the material
Rethinking Local and Regional Development
This article focuses upon the practicalities of what people actually do and can do in the present era of neo-liberal globalization to build more progressive local and regional development strategies
Uneven geographical development and socio-spatial justice and solidarity: European regions after the 2009 financial crisis
The paper discusses certain issues of regional development theory in combination with long-forgotten conditions of uneven geographical development in the context of the current financial and debt